For nurses, close friendships became indispensable, while romances served as welcome distractions or led to engagements. Sometimes they were not made to feel very welcome by the British nurses in the hospitals where they were stationed, and the male orderlies did not always like taking directions from women. Now, all she could do was brace herself for the hissing bomb that hurtled toward her. Factors like proximity, weather, dirt, and “trench fever” created the perfect recipe for sick soldiers. Triage was another developing facet important to the medical strategies nurses carried out. Boylston, an American nurse serving at a British Army base hospital near the Western Front in 1918, had been running between wards of wounded patients that night, trying to calm their nerves during the air raid. The Red Cross was another major contributor when it came to nurses in WWI. Some were trained in social work, including psychiatric training, in order to help current soldiers and those returning home deal with their experiences. One hundred years after the passage of the 19th Amendment, The Vote tells the dramatic culmination story of the hard-fought campaign waged by American women for the right to vote, a transformative cultural and political movement that resulted in the largest expansion of voting rights in U.S. history. Reserve were in short supply and nurses … They did so with great merit. Ellen Julia "Nellie" Gould was born in Wales in 1860, and began her working life as a teacher in England. POW camps would become an ongoing assignment for the majority of African-American nurses. All screenings are free — reserve your seats now! AANS nurses were also posted to Salonica in Greece, where by 1918 one in five of the nurses in British military hospitals was Australian. Much of the care for American servicemen came from the Red Cross, which served as a nursing reserve to the navy and army. They would have to give a reason not only to us but to headquarters for such performances.”. World War II changed the world in many different ways. It was used to irrigate wounds before closure. African American nurses were finally able to serve in integrated hospitals in Korea, Japan, Hawaii, and in the continental United States. These advances in medical technology and practice were unforeseen blessings from WWI. United States Mexican Border Service, 1916 to 1917; War Department. Courtesy of the Army Medical Department Center of History and Heritage. Huckleberry’s letters highlight the fact that U.S. Army and Navy nurses served without rank or commission, and that this lack of status created problems. Nurses did not work in the front line trenches, although they were often close to the front. If you are interested in researching military service records, this article will provide you Polypharmacy: Is It the new normal for the elderly patient? They had managed large estates or families back … Gift of Anna C. Robinson class of 1917. Nurses also served in base hospitals behind the lines and in England. Anna C. Robinson brought her personal camera to use during her WWI service in Europe. In contrast to the services provided in the field, nurses in America picked up the slack despite so many nurses and medical professionals leaving for the war. In her diary, Boylston also described the social side of war — how ever-present reminders of mortality and the transience of military life lent special intensity to otherwise ordinary human relationships. During WWI, over 200 army nurses died while in service and 36 navy nurses. The splint required at least two, ideally three, people to apply it to a soldier’s leg, and was completed in a twelve-step process. Their skills helped save the lives of countless soldiers, and their mere presence served as a balm to many of the injured and dying. Soldiers would go through feet inspections to monitor “trench foot,” a condition in which constant dampness caused feet to swell and rot. These nurses treated numerous types of wounds, as well as infections and mustard gas burns. Voluntary Aid Detachment members themselves came to be known simply as ‘VADs’. if ( 'querySelector' in document && 'addEventListener' in window ) { 69 in Savenay, France. In August 1917, U.S. Army nurse Beatrice MacDonald, on duty at a casualty clearing station, came under enemy fire during an air raid, and fragments of shrapnel from a bomb blast sliced through her eye. Newswise — Although the United States did not officially enter World War I until 1917, Johns Hopkins nurses joined the American Red Cross in 1914 and were already serving throughout Europe. African American nurses, who regrettably were not allowed to serve as Army nurses in support of the war effort, were finally given appointments to serve in the Army at military bases 1. This epidemic was deadlier than the war itself and was responsible for a majority of the deaths involving nurses. The war nurses were not eligible unless they fit into one of these categories. For the best experience, choose your profession & state. The number of nurses rose significantly as women enlisted by the thousands, and by the last year of the war there were approximately 12,000 active nurses from the Army Nurse Corps serving across the world. Huckleberry and Davis’s youngest son, Michael W. R. Davis, who has woven his parents’ letters together with diary entries from others in a forthcoming book — has launched a campaign to get the U.S. Army and Navy to posthumously commission his mother and the other World War I U.S. nurses. But Boylston differed in some respects from most U.S. military nurses. A festive ward at Camp Hospital №33, in Brest, Finistere, France, December 1918. Edith Cavell. Get the latest on new films and digital content, learn about events in your area, and get your weekly fix of American history. Ten of the Most Influential Nurses in History, Soldier Stories – Army Nurses of World War One: Service Beyond Expectations, Navy History and Heritage Command – Navy Nurses, Some Eighty Utah Nurses Served in World War I. 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