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Overview of Wikisurgery

Wikisurgery is a free surgical encyclopedia for surgeons and their patients. Contributions in the form of new articles and editing can be made by anyone at anytime anywhere in the world. The opportunity is clear, if we utilise every individuals knowledge set built up over years of lectures, exams, training and human interaction, it can benefit everyone. Wikisurgery is more than just a depot of surgical knowledge, not just articles about facts but also articles about controversy, debates, with none of the usual editorial limits on space. Indeed we hope it will become a record of surgical thought, experience and progression. You can read more About Wikisurgery here Wikisurgery:About

Once you clicked on "Add New Article" or decided to edit an existing article (by clicking on "Edit This Page"), follow the instructions to below to Add links and images.

Quality Assurance

Whilst we encourage participation and contributions, maintenance of the site's integrity is paramount. The information on the site is subjected to periodic peer-review by health care professionals who specialise in the area they are reviewing.

We also have two key gate keepers of the site's integrity.

1. Only authors we approve are allowed to post. They have to submit a CV of their credentials, be approved by the site's editors and also confirm their email address. Casual visitors cannot add new articles/pages or edit content.

2. When an article is posted, it can be approved by an editor and this status is shown as a blue box under the contents. This gives the reader that reassurance that the article's contents have been approved. An example can be seen here [1]

Clinicians and patients should not base their final decisions solely on information from Wikisurgery or any other wiki but should utilize it to stay informed and shape discussion with colleagues and between patients and health care professionals. Please also refer to our disclaimer here [2].

Using Wikisurgery as a Research Tool

Wikisurgery can be a great tool for learning and researching information, you can find out more about this over here: [3]

Why Create an Account?

You do not have to log in to read WikiSurgery articles — any registered user with appropriate permissions can edit almost any article at any given time. Creating an account is quick, free and non-intrusive, and it's generally considered a good idea to do so for a variety of reasons.

Abilities given to users with account

   * The ability to start new pages and edit existing ones.
   * To be able to edit semi-protected pages 
   * The ability to rename pages.
   * The ability to upload images.

Other benefits

   * The use of a username of your choice, provided that it is appropriate and available.
   * The ability to easily review all your contributions via a "My contributions" link.
   * Your own user page that is never shared with others.
   * Your own talk page which allows other users to send you messages without having to know  your e-mail address.
   * The use of your own personal Wikisurgery page watchlist to which you can add articles that interest you.
   * The ability to customize the appearance and behavior of the website for your viewing.
   * Become eligible for potentially taking on the role of a Wikisurgery administrator.
   * The right to be heard in elections and have your vote count.
   * Your IP address will no longer be visible to other users meaning you will have greater privacy.

Basic navigation in Wikipedia

Wikisurgery articles are all linked, or cross-referenced. Wherever you see highlighted text like this, it means there is a link to some relevant article or Wikisurgery page with further in-depth information elsewhere if you need it. Holding your mouse over the link will often show you where a link will take you. You are always one click away from more information on any point that has a link attached.

There are other links towards the ends of most articles, for other articles of interest, relevant external web sites and pages, reference material, and organized categories of knowledge which you can search and traverse in a loose hierarchy for more information.

You can add further links if a relevant link is missing, and this is one way to contribute.

Editing Wikisurgery Pages

Wikisurgery uses a simple yet powerful page layout to allow editors to concentrate on adding material rather than page design. These include automatic sections and subsections, automatic references and cross-references, image and table inclusion, indented and listed text, links ISBNs and math, as well as usual formatting elements and most world alphabets and common symbols. Most of these have simple formats that are deliberately very easy and intuitive.

Wikisurgery has robust version and reversion controls. This means that poor quality edits or vandalism can quickly and easily be reversed or brought up to an appropriate standard by any other editors, so inexperienced editors cannot accidentally do permanent harm if they make a mistake in their editing. As there are many more editors intent upon good quality articles than any other kind, articles that are poorly edited are usually corrected rapidly.

How to Add a New Category

To add the Category "General Surgery" simply type: [[Category: General Surgery]] at the bottom of your article.

Adding Subcategories

Creating subcategories takes only a few additional steps. Adding a category tag to a category page makes the edited category a subcategory of the category specified in the tag.

First create a new category page for the subcategory the same way you would make a regular category. For example, create [[Category:Stem Cells]].

Then go to the newly created category page and edit it. Add the category tag for the parent category (e.g. [[Category:Basic Science]]) to the page.

How to Create Headings and Subheadings

To create the heading "Heart Bypass", simply type:

=== Heart Bypass ===

2 "=" (equals) signs either side

To create a subheading "Physiology", simply type:

== Physiology ==

3 "=" (equals) signs either side

How to Create Links

How to create a link to a page in Wikisurgery (internal links)

To link to the page called "General Surgery". You would type [[General Surgery]] or highlight the word(s) and click on the internal link button

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in the list of editing icons (these will show up when you click on "Edit This Page" in the menu bar above).

How to create a link to a page on an external webstie

Simply type the url e.g. http://www.wikisurgery.com, highlight it and then click on the "external link" button

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How to Create Piped Links

A piped link is a link within the project or to a sister project which is labeled differently from the name of the page it links to. This allows linking a word or phrase within the text of a page rather than using "see also", even if the wording does not exactly correspond with the name of the other page. With a suitable browser and depending on the preferences set, one can still see what page is linked to: when you point at the link, the name shows up in a hover box and is also shown in the status bar.

For instance:

[Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy | What are the causes and management of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy]

will show up as: [Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy | What are the causes and management of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy]

And if you wish to link to an external website such as www.theijs.com then do this:

[http://www.ijs.com Read the full article here]

How to Add an Image

Click on the "Embedded Picture" Icon

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The following text will appear: [[Image:Example.jpg]]

Replace "Example.jpg" with the file name of the picture saved on your computer .

Then click "Save page"

Then click on the link of the image file name and follow the instructions to upload the file.

How to Paste Content from Microsoft Word

Once selected, copy and paste the content into Notepad (under Start--->All Programs---->Accessories in Windows). Then copy and paste the content into the Wikisurgery site window. This means that all the background formatting from MS Word will be removed and the pure text will be copied.

How to Create a Table

The entire table is encased with curly brackets and a vertical bar character (a pipe). So use {| to begin a table, and |} to end it. Each one needs to be on its own line.

To begin a table use:



|} to close

  table code goes here

Color; scope of parameters

Two ways of specifying color of text and background for a single cell are as follows. The first form is preferred: Wiki markup

| style="background:red; color:white" | abc
| def
| bgcolor="red" | <font color="white"> ghi </font>
| jkl

What it looks like in your browser

abc def ghi jkl

Like other parameters, colors can also be specified for a whole row or the whole table; parameters for a row override the value for the table, and those for a cell override those for a row: Wiki markup

{| style="background:yellow; color:green"
| abc
| def
| ghi
|- style="background:red; color:white"
| jkl
| mno
| pqr
| stu
| style="background:silver" | vwx
| yz

What it looks like in your browser

abc def ghi
jkl mno pqr
stu vwx yz

To make the table blend in with the background, use style="background:none". (Warning: style="background:inherit", does not work with some browsers, including IE6!)

Citing References - the Cite.php method

Multiple insertion of the same reference

On the Edit page, this is placed at the first insertion point of citation:

   <ref name=Perry>Perry's Handbook, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill Co., 1984.</ref>

This is placed at the second insertion point of citation:

   <ref name=Perry/>

This is placed at the third insertion point of citation:

   <ref name=Perry/> ..... and so forth for further insertion points

Single insertion of a reference

For the single insertion of a reference, the "name" parameter is not needed. On the Edit page, this is placed at the insertion point of citation:

   <ref>Excel For Dummies, First Edition, Hungry Minds, Inc., 3.</ref>

What is produced at the points of insertion

These are what is produced and note that the reference numbers in blue are automatically generated. Clicking on any one of the reference numbers causes the screen display to scroll down to that reference number in the Reference List section:

   First[1] text word referenced to Perry's Handbook
   Second[1] text word referenced to Perry's Handbook
   Third[1] text word referenced to Perry's Handbook
   The only[2] text word referenced to the Excel book.

Producing the reference or footnote list

On the Edit page, this is placed in the References or the Footnotes section:


This is what it produces and note that the list numbers are automatically generated:

  1. ^ a b c Perry's Handbook, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill Co., 1984.
  2. ^ Excel For Dummies, First Edition, Hungry Minds, Inc., 1980.

How to Add Your Signature to an Article

When you have finished writing/editing, click on

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Denoting Articles as Stubs

A stub is an article containing only a few sentences of text which is too short to provide encyclopedic coverage of a subject, but not so short as to provide no useful information.

To denote at article as a stub, simply add {{stub}} at the very bottom of the article, after the category tag(s). It is usually desirable to leave two blank lines between the first stub template and whatever precedes it.

Talk Pages

A talk page is used in wiki collaboration to talk about ways to improve an article.

In the first wiki released to the public, Ward's Wiki, topic and discussion shared the same page. In contrast to this, in the MediaWiki software used at Wikisurgery, each article or other content page has a corresponding talk page. Although the content page and its talk page are linked to each other, they are stored in the web server's database as separate table rows.

On Wikisurgery, the primary purpose of a talk page (also referred to as a /Talk page) is to improve the contents of the corresponding article, from an encyclopedic point of view. Questions, challenges, excised text (due to confusion or bias, for example), arguments relevant to changing the text, and commentary on the article are typically placed on the talk page.

Discussion about ways to improve a wiki page can be short and to the point, resulting in changes that are easy to make quickly. At the other extreme, they can drag on for months with no conclusive result. Outdated or excessively large talk page contents are generally archived or refactored.

Feedback and Questions

Wikisurgery itself is run as a communal effort. It is a community project whose end result is an encyclopedia. Feedback about content should, in the first instance, be raised on the discussion pages of those articles. You are invited to be bold and edit the pages yourself to add information or correct mistakes if you are knowledgeable and able to do so.

For other user discussion of Wikipedia in general, see Wiki_Surgery:Community_Portal

--Admin 21:02, 26 August 2006 (EDT)