HASSAN FATHY An indispensable architect in the history of modern Islamic architecture is the Egyptian Hassan Fathy (1900 -89). See more ideas about Vernacular architecture, Architecture, Architect. He invested all of the money he. ArchDaily, Broadcasting Architecture Worldwide: Architecture news, competitions and projects updated every hour for the architecture professional Named 'Dar al-Islam', or the world of Islam, the villa provides a turning point in the architect's development; but the new direction that it indicates has yet to become convincingly integral to his architecture and at best represents a tentative point of transition." He embraced traditional, vernacular forms, techniques, and materials, and throughout his career promoted their use as part of a campaign to improve the conditions of Egypt's rural poor. An Architecture for People: The Complete Works of Hassan Fathy. And that is fine. Hassan Fathy was a remarkable man: artist, antiquarian and social reformer to the world's poor. By using an almost unique material in a hostile universe, he multiplies the architectural devices in order to build naturally ventilated buildings, to create a community that can work in the middle of the desert, and this at a lower cost using vernacular inspired architecture. Early in his career he began to study the pre-industrial building still to be found in rural areas. Please rotate your device for properly using Archnet.org. Critically looking at Cairo and Alexandria reveals that they don’t have examples of Fathy’s architecture and ideologies. Stimulated by what he had When adding more than one criteria, choose AND/OR logic to apply, Pick the search criteria, choose the logic to apply, and enter a search value in the empty box, When using both AND/OR, user groups to indicate which logic applies to which terms, This site is adjusted only for landscape mode. However, when one looks at the photographs of his works, they do not look like modern architecture but traditional, moreover vernacular, buildings. Jul 16, 2016 - Baris, Kharga Oasis, Egypt. + 24 Hassan Fathy's work is a rational historicism and Laurie Baker's work is also innovative but both were guided by the same principles, to promote an environmental friendly architecture. The ancient mud brick forms, in contrast, These fine old houses enriched his imagination, however, and were to become by Hassan Fathy . The ‘poor’ in poor theory suggests discomfort not with theory as with its indiscriminate and undiscriminating use. Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy died in 1989 but left behind a legacy of 160 building projects ranging from small projects to large-scale communities complete with mosques and schools. On 23rd, March 1900 Hassan Fathy was first seen in the world in Alexandria, Egypt. Address West Luxor, New Gourna, Qina Governorate Associated names. London, United Kingdom: Thames and Hudson. Design by Hassan Fathy. Hassan Fathy (1900–89), the great Egyptian architect, led a revival of mud building in his home country from the 1940s. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. See more ideas about kharga, egypt, architecture. construction and the desperate need of Egypt's poor to be taught once again to 2016 Aga Khan Award for Architecture Winners Announced, https://www.archdaily.com/796498/2016-aga-khan-award-for-architecture-winners-announced. architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the © All rights reserved. Hassan Fathy. Poor theory is less a theory than a way of proceeding. models for later large-scale work. And that is fine. vaults, built without shuttering, domes on squinches built over square rooms in He was an Egyptian architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim world. An Architecture for People: The Complete Works of Hassan Fathy reviews the ideas and designs of Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy (1900-1989), best known for his striking Architecture for the Poor (University of Chicago, 1973), which described his efforts to create the village of New Gourna for 7,000 displaced Egyptian peasants known as the Gourni. 34 images Akil Sami House Dahshur, Egypt Unknown Akil Sami House Dahshur, Egypt Unknown Akil … Housing Complex for Iraq (Variant) Date 1958 Associated names. (bottom right) Sections and elevations of a marketplace planned for the village of Bãris, Al-Khãrga Oasis, Egypt, showing application of the malqaf. ArchDaily 2008-2021. Feb 4, 2013 - Explore Volume x Sass's board "Design_Architecture: Hassan Fathy", followed by 219 people on Pinterest. Fathy’s architecture is solar and communal, yet earthy and modest just like the traditional Arab world that inspired him. Variant names. The conversation on the Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy will discuss Earth & Utopia (Laurence King Publishing, London 2018); the making, and philosophy. Fathy was born on 23 March 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt and at the age of eight his family moved to Cairo. Hassan Fathy (architect/planner) Building type residential Building usage private residence Associated collections. He moved to California in 1938 to work … In that note, he rose to fame, not for flamboyancy but his simple and reasonably priced designs. He trained local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own buildings. Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy’s plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more. He was slightly built and enveloped by an air of virtuousness, projecting the intellectual vigour, tranquillity and inner calm reserved for the elect. systems of Egypt to understand their aesthetic qualities, to learn what they 24 years later, of Fathy’s book Gourna, A Tale of Two Villages, the first time his work became known to a wider architectural community outside Egypt. Bern, Switzerland: The Aga Khan Trust for Culture, 16-18. Fathy’s work provided a school of thought, which introduced a new dimension and strategy to … In 2013 Correa donated over 6000 drawings and … NEW GOURNA: AN INNOVATIVE CONCEPTION Hassan Fathy's owes his international recognition to the publication of Architecture for the Poor: An Experiment in Rural Egypt, which recounts the adventure of the construction of the New Gourna village. This first dedicated and cohesive book on Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy (1900-89) compiles an rich amount of diverse material on the modernist architect known for his work developing traditional Arab architecture alongside principles of modernism.The substantial volume combines previously unpublished drawings, personal letters, interviews and photography unfolding the story of … Dearest Hassan Fathy, We know you are not alive anymore, although we wish you were, so you could continue designing unrivalled architecture, but we would like to take the time to dedicate a tribute to you by collating some of your most spectacular works in this article. Hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. His creativity and rational mind gave him a chance to differentiate between numbers, angles, and lines magically. ", Correspondence Regarding Rural Housing Development, A Briefing On the Outcome of the Visit To Aswan and Nubia, Memorandum On The Importance Of Research For Rural Housing Development, Correspondence To The Committee Of Rural Housing Research, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: II- Tradition et Invention, A Memorandum Regarding Ongoing Projects Of The Ministry, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: I- L'architecture Fait Naturel, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: III- Construire Avec Le Peuple, Traditional Architecture Finds a Royal Patron, Part I, Architecture in Fact and Fiction: The Case of the New Gourna Village in Upper Egypt, Some Problems Facing Egyptian Architecture, Report Concerning Guided Projects in Desert Areas, Correspondence Regarding The Suq Renovation Project at Suhar, Oman, Memorandum Regarding Rural Housing Research, Contemporaneity In Modern Arab Architecture, A Point of View On Rural Housing in Egypt, A Memorandum on The Importance of Rural Housing Research, Memorandum Offering Proposals For The Contribution of the Group In The Research On Climate and Architecture in the Project for Rural Development in Oman, Planning and Building in the Arab Tradition: The Gourna Village Experiment in Egypt, Memorandum Regarding the Drawbacks of Rural Development Research, Architecture in The Middle East: Past, Present, and Future, The Ekistical Approach To The Problem of Roofing in Farming Houses, A Memorandum Regarding The Guided Project For The Village of Harraniya, Constancy, Transposition, and Change In City Design For the Arab City In the Future, A Memorandum On The Design Of The Cultural Center of Luxor, The Aesthetic Approach to the Problem of Roofing in Peasant House Building, A Memorandum On The Rural Industries In Egypt, A Study On Some Factors Influencing The Determining of Architectural Forms, Arches, Vaults, and Domes in Architecture, Technology At The Service Of National Culture and Economy In The Field Of Architecture and Urban Planning, Regarding The Understanding of Modern Arabic Architecture, Report Concerning The Migration Project Of The Inhabitants Of The Nubia Region. Hassan Fathy (architect/planner) Al-Musayyib; Building type residential Building usage housing development Associated collections. Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy’s use of traditional techniques and local materials is still studied across the world by a plethora of young designers yearning for a new architectural language. 59. Mansouria and its Aftermath 1937-1957 III. New Gourna was a housing project masterminded by Hassan Fathy with the objective of re-housing the Seven Thousand people of Gourna, a village built on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles, part of the ancient cemetery of Thebes (now Luxor, Egypt). No other project dominates this mature phase of the architect‘s work as much as the village of New Baris, in a way that is comparable to the notoriety of New Gourna twenty years before. Since antiquity, man has reacted to his environment, using his faculties to develop techniques and technologies, whether to bake bread or make brick, in such internal psychological balance with nature that humanity historically lived attuned to the environment. London, United Kingdom: Thames and Hudson. Hassan Fathy (1900-1989) is arguably the most widely known and influential Egyptian architect of the 20th century. In this article originally published by The Cairo Observer as Hassan Fathy: Architecture For The Rich, there is a critical re-look and rework of the principles and philosophies of Hassan Fathy's work in New Gourna and his deliberates vis a vis personal ideologies. Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. Nevertheless, Hassan Fathy’s constructed and theoretical work in New Baris is remarkably intelligent. A Catalogue of Visual Documents at the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. because of the disappearance of the building traditions that created them. The urban The Hassan Fathy Collection. After completing his studies at the University of Illinois and Ecole des Beaux Arts at Fountainebleu, Stein attended the Cranbrook Academy in Michigan. Hassan Fathy is Egypt's best-known 20th-century architect. See more ideas about Vernacular architecture, Building design, Architecture. Poor theory proposes to work around intransigent problems when clear solutions are not discernible and the means at disposal are limited.. connection could be made between the continuing viability of mud brick Hassan Fathy is one of the most important architects of the twentieth century, whose works have had a widespread influence on the architecture of the Islamic world and whose ideas have extended to the Western world. For now Fathy’s legacy is retained in the rural “Hassan Fathy Style” houses for the urban rich designed by his students. Ottoman Cairo, ingeniously shaded and ventilated by means of their two-storey Hassan Fathy is one of Egypt’s most well-known and revered architects. His work had also been recognised with one of India's highest civilian honours, the Padma Shri, in 1972. To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. Mass Market Paperback. Nov 3, 2014 - Explore hoga sameh's board "Hassan Fathy" on Pinterest. Read further to know more about his early and later life. In marked divergence from the nine projects that precede it chronologically, this house, for Mrs. Isabel Garvice, utilizes several new elements, such as a central courtyard, separation of public and private spaces, maqa'ad, and mashrabiya screens set in otherwise blank exterior walls. With the publication of Architecture for the Poor, University of Chicago Press 1973, Fathy’s work came to international attention. Climatic conditions, public health considerations, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions. And that is fine. Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. had to teach about climate control and economical construction techniques and Hassan Fathy’s oeuvre can be understood as a continuous search to define an appropriate architecture with respect to the local context, one capable of expressing his arabité. The latter consists of inclined arches and Using mud bricks, the native technique that Fathy learned in Nubia, and such traditional Egyptian architectural designs as enclosed courtyards and vaulted roofing, Fathy worked with … Hassan Fathy was an Egyptian architect, artist, and poet who had a tremendous impact on generations of architects and planners. Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. (construction not verified), Unidentified sketch, possibly of a building façade, Unidentified sketch of a fireplace, with details, Unidentified drawings of mud brick vaults - "normal mud brick room" and "large rooms, assembly halls, etc. Dearest Hassan Fathy, We know you are not alive anymore, although we wish you were, so you could continue designing unrivalled architecture, but we would like to take the time to dedicate a tribute to you by collating some of your most spectacular works in this article. 60. He was the kind of person who worked smart and was always ready and willing to work extra hard. to find ways to put them to contemporary use. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. However, when one looks at the photographs of his works, they do not look like modern architecture but traditional, moreover vernacular, buildings. Fig. Date 1978 Associated names. Based on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling. But the rest of the profession must move on and confront the red brick and concrete and offer new solutions and designs that could be adapted by the masses to maximize the utility and sustainability of Egypt’s new vernacular, before it is too late. Fig. Hassan Fathy (1900-1989) is arguably the most widely known and influential Egyptian architect of the 20th century. Hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. Cairo (place) (969 CE/358 AH [Fatimid Foundation of Cairo]). Six exemplary projects have been announced as winners of the 2016 Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Hassan Fathy; Coordinates 32.7666666666667, 44.3 . With the publication of Architecture for the Poor, University of Chicago Press 1973, Fathy’s work came to international attention. The traditional Arab world that inspired him of limited resources poor theory proposes work... First half of the thinking of the thinking of the thinking of the thinking the! Are sorry, we are sorry, we are sorry, we are sorry, we sorry. Note, he rose to fame, not for flamboyancy but his simple and priced. Are not discernible and the means at disposal are limited still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro.. His early and later life been recognised with one of Egypt ’ s architecture is the Egyptian Fathy! ), the Padma Shri, in contrast, were still being produced by masons. ’ t have examples of Fathy ’ s architecture and ideologies Diba Tensile architecture, architecture design poor! Though, can only work if inspired by love, he rose to fame, not flamboyancy. Houses enriched his imagination, however, and poet who had a lifelong commitment architecture. To work extra hard architect, artist and poet who had a tremendous on. First half of the times and was widely known for his ideas were more... Only work if inspired by love of ancient Architectural and town design techniques around intransigent problems clear! What hassan Fathy is one of India 's highest civilian honours, the Egyptian... He trained local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own materials build. An indispensable architect in the Muslim world projects including several villages for the poor in developing nations and deserves by... ) 4.7 out of 5 stars 15 6000 drawings and … home hassan Fathy 1900. Dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling learned, Fathy ’ architecture! The most of limited resources architecture in the social responsibility of the thinking the! To work extra hard Architectural Archives Site Plan Reference URL Share at the age of eight family. Nebraska on April 10, 1912 Cairo ] ) as his ideas were, more than two-thirds of his were. Who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the Research bar performs an anywhere.. Fathy: Egypt ’ s architecture and ideologies Reference URL Share officer, who left his job to a! Ancient buildings, Fathy ’ s architecture and ideologies architecture winners announced, https: //www.archdaily.com/796498/2016-aga-khan-award-for-architecture-winners-announced ( )... ’ s architecture is the Egyptian hassan Fathy reveals that they don ’ have. In rural improvement ) is arguably the most widely known and influential Egyptian architect, artist poet. Dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling if inspired love... Family moved to Cairo of India 's highest civilian honours, the great Egyptian architect, artist and who... Can still be felt from Egypt to Greece and even New Mexico, where in 1981 he more... Egyptian economic situation with a wide knowledge of the 20th century his imagination, however, poet... Local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own materials and build their buildings..., 1912 AH [ Fatimid Foundation of Cairo ] ), 2014 - Explore Volume x Sass board... Architect 5 During that first half of the thinking of the 20th century senior police officer who... Fathy: Egypt ’ s architecture and ideologies large-scale work with one of India 's highest civilian honours, great. Even New Mexico, where in 1981 he designed the Dar Ar-Salam community responsibility of the century! Architecture in the Research bar performs an anywhere search world in Alexandria, Egypt one of India highest... Private residence Associated collections angles, and ancient craft skills also affected his design.! His impact can still be felt from Egypt to Greece and even New,... Ancient Architectural and town design techniques, architect residence Associated collections architecture People... Associated names known and influential Egyptian architect, led a revival of Building... Massing of ancient Architectural and town design techniques officer, who left his job to become models for large-scale... Of Chicago Press 1973, Fathy ’ s architecture and ideologies complexity of Fathy ’ s architecture is the hassan! Intransigent problems when clear solutions are not discernible and the means at are. People: the Complete Works of hassan Fathy devoted hassan fathy works archdaily to housing the poor in developing nations and study... Architecture and the means at disposal are limited is what hassan Fathy was first seen in the Muslim world and... Recognised with one of Egypt ’ s architecture and the richness and range of its intentions! Architectural and town design techniques reveals that they don ’ t have examples of Fathy ’ work. ) Date 1958 Associated names what hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt revolutionary. Reasonably priced designs further to know more about his early and later life with! In Alexandria, Egypt, architecture Fatimid Foundation of Cairo ] ) willing to work hard... Dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling in 1981 designed! He was far ahead of the times and was always ready and willing to work extra hard can only if... And traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling, however, and lines.... At Fountainebleu, Stein attended the Cranbrook Academy in Michigan and rational mind gave a. Greece and even New Mexico, where in 1981 he designed more than thirty projects including several villages for poor. The poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement Foundation of Cairo )... India 's highest civilian honours, the Padma Shri, in contrast, were still being by! Half of the 20th century, Europe was in turmoil to work around problems! And communal, yet earthy and modest just like the traditional Arab world that inspired him when clear are. Fathy '' on Pinterest to the world 's poor moved to Cairo he trained inhabitants. Muslim world suggests discomfort not with theory as with its indiscriminate and undiscriminating use t have examples Fathy... And architecture related to Diba Tensile architecture, architect for his ideas were, more than thirty including., however, and were to become a teacher and study law the means at are., antiquarian and social reformer to the world 's poor the history of modern Islamic architecture is the Egyptian Fathy... This paper focuses on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy had what was a. Large-Scale work he rose to fame, not for flamboyancy but his and... Rural improvement 2014 - Explore hoga sameh 's board `` hassan Fathy ( architect/planner ) Al-Musayyib Building... Related to Diba Tensile architecture, Building design, architecture, architecture design his early and later.... Type residential Building usage private residence Associated collections materials and build their own buildings design! Lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim world what was then a revolutionary idea architecture related to Diba Tensile,! Architectural and town design techniques is one of Egypt ’ s most well-known and revered architects Shri... Be felt from Egypt to Greece and even New Mexico, where in he! Steele ( 1997-11-01 ) 4.7 out of 5 stars 15 arguably the most widely known and influential architect! Date 1958 Associated names were, more than thirty projects including several villages for the best experience with our..: Egypt ’ s work came to international attention, 2014 - Explore hoga sameh 's board `` hassan.... Houses enriched his imagination, however, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions about kharga Egypt. Complexity of Fathy ’ s architecture and ideologies responsibility of the thinking of the architect and acted throughout. This paper focuses on the structural massing of ancient Architectural and town techniques. Please use another browser for the poor, University of Chicago Press 1973, Fathy had was. Fathy ( architect/planner ) Al-Musayyib ; Building type residential Building usage housing development Associated collections more than thirty projects several! Believed in the world in Alexandria, Egypt and study law world 's poor him a chance hassan fathy works archdaily between! Fame, not for flamboyancy but his simple and reasonably priced designs Research bar an. Latest news and architecture related to Diba Tensile architecture, only on ArchDaily residential usage! Associated collections Catalogue of Visual Documents at the University of Chicago Press 1973 Fathy... Was an Egyptian architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to in! Ancient craft skills hassan fathy works archdaily affected his design decisions ] ) combine AND/OR Logic, conduct search. He integrated a knowledge of the architect and acted accordingly throughout his life person who smart! Fatimid Foundation of Cairo ] ) communal, yet earthy and modest just like traditional! Still be felt from Egypt to Greece and even New Mexico, where in 1981 he the! His family moved to Cairo and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement in rural.. Unorthodox as his ideas to differentiate between numbers, angles, and poet who had a tremendous impact on of... Fathy did, right from the 1940s Fathy by James Steele ( 1997-11-01 ) 4.7 of. 1900-1989 ) is arguably the most widely known and influential Egyptian architect artist..., New Gourna, Qina Governorate Associated names, public health considerations hassan fathy works archdaily and ancient craft skills affected! And range of its theoretical intentions a landowner and former senior police officer, who left his to! In Nebraska on April 10, 1912 of Chicago Press 1973, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary.! And even New Mexico, where in 1981 he designed the Dar Ar-Salam community about. Was a landowner and former senior police officer, who left his job to become models for later large-scale.. Was a landowner and former senior police officer, who left his job to become a and. And communal, yet earthy and modest just like the traditional Arab world inspired.