Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy died in 1989 but left behind a legacy of 160 building projects ranging from small projects to large-scale communities complete with mosques and schools. Based on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling. Hassan Fathy (1900-1989) was an Egyptian architect and engineer who has been credited with bringing the vernacular architecture of Egypt to a wider audience, and for putting neglected traditional building systems to work for the poor. He established a privatepractice in Cairo where he also worked as professor of Fine Arts andHead of the Architectural School, at the University of Cairo.• An Egyptian architect who devoted himself to housing the poor indeveloping nations.• Submission by Awut Atak I'd like to nominate Hassan Fathy's New Gourna Village project. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. During his lifetime, Hassan Fathy attained international fame and was a dominant, if controversial, figure in Egyptian architecture. He used many architectural techniques from the ancient Egyptian heritage, so he used them creatively and this was the reason for his fame. Hassan Fathy was an Egyptian architect, artist, and poet who had a tremendous impact on generations of architects and planners. INTRODUCTION• Hassan Fathy was born in Egypt in 1899. HASSAN FATHY. New Gourna became the prototype for other rural building projects in the Middle East, and its construction was chronicled in Fathy’s book, Architecture for the Poor, published in English in 1972. To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. The ancient mud brick forms, in contrast, He designed houses to meet the needs of the families living in them. Hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. His work poses an opposition to foreign cultural domination and the use of Western architectural models in the Arab region: a trend which was particularly in vogue in Egypt at the beginning of … He has received the Union of International Architects Gold Medal, the Egyptian Government's National Prize for Arts and Letters, and the Aga Kahn Award for Architecture. Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. This collection on Archnet of over 1,200 images and drawings, each associated with a corresponding site record, represents the first time that the work of this important and ground-breaking architect is made available to a wide audience. To know more about his childhood, … The article reprinted here ("Preface," pp. Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. He trained local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own buildings. Hassan Fathy was an Egyptian architect, artist, and poet who had a tremendous impact on generations of architects and planners. Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy’s plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. International Tangier: Morocco & the Mediterranean in the early 20th c. 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Hassan Fathy reiterates this . Two such This first dedicated and cohesive book on Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy (1900-89) compiles an rich amount of diverse material on the modernist architect known for his work developing traditional Arab architecture alongside principles of modernism. In his lifetime he designed more than thirty projects including several villages for the poor. Made of adobe architecture with building methods informed by ancient Nubian construction, it is an interesting project that refl His main focus is on the village of Gourna, and building a sustainable village for the Gournis, where they will have schools for their children, a vibrant apprenticeship program for enabling employment, and access to clean water (the part on Bilharzia was … Hassan Fathy is Egypt’s most well-known architect since the famous Imhotep, the world’s earliest known designer. connection could be made between the continuing viability of mud brick While Hassan Fathy’s “architecture for the poor” is exhibited in the posh district of Zamalek, the poor have been building in what is closer to Le Corbusier’s domino house than Fathy’s mud brick domed village houses. With the help of many villagers, Hassan used old bricks and sludge to create a firm foundation for them. A beautiful development from vernacular desert architecture, Hassan Fathy is an architect that developed the concepts and solutions of desert architecture to a new era using traditional materials coolers and shapes a natural advance from old Egyptian knowledge to modern and simple solutions for the villagers on the Nile, seeing his work is inspiring to reach far with the … However, when one looks at the photographs of his works, they do not look like modern architecture but traditional, moreover vernacular, buildings. vaults, built without shuttering, domes on squinches built over square rooms in This architecture asserts that poor people in other countries cannot aspire to modernist architecture. Still in use, and well cared for, are a series of modest private residences shaped by his profound understanding of vernacular design. build shelter for themselves. Hassan Fathy: Egypt’s architect of the poor Fathy believed architecture was for the people. In this article originally published by The Cairo Observer as Hassan Fathy: Architecture For The Rich, there is a critical re-look and rework of the principles and philosophies of Hassan Fathy's work in New Gourna and his deliberates vis a vis personal ideologies. to find ways to put them to contemporary use. Unidentified sketch, possibly of a building façade, Unidentified sketch of a fireplace, with details, Unidentified drawings of mud brick vaults - "normal mud brick room" and "large rooms, assembly halls, etc. Please rotate your device for properly using Archnet.org. Please rotate your device for properly using Archnet.org. As new modernist theories began to emerge, he moved away from them and focused on the architecture of Ancient Egypt. He was an Egyptian In his lifetime he designed more than thirty projects including several villages for the poor. Architecture for the Poor : An Experiment in Rural Egypt, Paperback by Fathy, Hassan, ISBN 0226239160, ISBN-13 9780226239163, Brand New, Free shipping in the US Chronicles the Arab architect's struggle to construct a progressive Egyptian peasant village and illuminates his innovative approaches to mass housing This video starts off with briefly sharing the architect Hassan Fathy's background and design approach. He received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1980, and the Union of International Architects Gold Medal in 1984. His most major work was the building of the village of New Gourna (1948-… Oliver and Fathy have carried out . Hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. Please use another browser for the best experience with our site. halls, mashrabiyyas and courtyards; and the indigenous mud brick construction Baroness Ullens de Schooten: Iran, Iraq & Egypt, Charles E. Goad: Insurance Maps of Turkey and Istanbul, Ernst Cohn-Wiener: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, Faith and Places: Mughal Architecture in India. The latter consists of inclined arches and The article tries to delve into the idea of why Hassan Fathy perhaps emerged as a solitary force in sustainable architecture … It also includes a set of publications covering a wide range of materials: from correspondence to reports, from academic articles to literary works, in Arabic, English, and French. Use the advanced tools below to narrow the parameters of your search. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. January 1, 2011 January 1, 2011 Sreekanth P S. Introduction: Born to a wealthy family on the 23 March 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. housing forms of Cairo could not serve Fathy directly as a replicable source modern architecture. These fine old houses enriched his imagination, however, and were to become systems of Egypt to understand their aesthetic qualities, to learn what they Andreoli Residence, 1984, Fayyum was built for Katarina … This collection on Archnet also includes an additional set of drawings made as study prints in 1983 and donated to the Aga Khan Documentation Center by a scholar, some with handwritten annotations. The collection and organization of the papers was enabled by the now-famous Egyptian artist, Chant Avedissian, then a young photographer, during his time working with Hassan Fathy in the 1980s. Use the advanced tools below to narrow the parameters of your search. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. Hassan Fathy, born in Alexandria in 1900, taught at the Faculty of Fine Arts of Cairo University and served as head of its Department of Architecture. Climatic conditions, public health considerations, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions. He integrated a knowledge of the rural Egyptian economic situation with a wide knowledge of ancient architectural and town design techniques. Early in his career he began to study the pre-industrial building Stimulated by what he had Hassan Fathy: The Architect of the Poor Hassan Fathy has a great talent for designing buildings with low construction costs so that the poor can build and erect them. learned, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary idea. a continuing spiral, semi-domed alcoves and other related forms. Using mud bricks, the native technique that Fathy learned in … because of the disappearance of the building traditions that created them. still to be found in rural areas. It is a relatively humble scheme; a resettlement village in Luxor Egypt, that was commissioned in 1945. Andreoli Residence in Cairo, Egypt. To preserve Fathy's collection, the Award organised a photographic mission to Cairo in the summer of 1988 to document the voluminous collection of original drawings. Experimental and unorthodox as his ideas were, more than two-thirds of his projects were either partially or completely realised. About this collection Hassan Fathy (1900-1989) is arguably the most widely known and influential Egyptian architect of the 20th century. The urban Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. He was an Egyptian architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim world. When adding more than one criteria, choose AND/OR logic to apply, Pick the search criteria, choose the logic to apply, and enter a search value in the empty box, When using both AND/OR, user groups to indicate which logic applies to which terms, This site is adjusted only for landscape mode. Hassan Fathy, an Egyptian architect, has received the Union of International Architects Gold Medal, the Aga Kahn Award for Architecture, and the Egyptian Government's National Prize for Arts and Letters. Early in his career he began to study the pre-industrial building systems of Egypt to understand their aesthetic qualities, to learn what they had to teach about climate control and economical construction techniques … Muslim world. in his statement: “He [the architect] must renew architectur e from the . ", Correspondence Regarding Rural Housing Development, A Briefing On the Outcome of the Visit To Aswan and Nubia, Memorandum On The Importance Of Research For Rural Housing Development, Correspondence To The Committee Of Rural Housing Research, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: II- Tradition et Invention, A Memorandum Regarding Ongoing Projects Of The Ministry, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: I- L'architecture Fait Naturel, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: III- Construire Avec Le Peuple, Traditional Architecture Finds a Royal Patron, Part I, Architecture in Fact and Fiction: The Case of the New Gourna Village in Upper Egypt, Some Problems Facing Egyptian Architecture, Report Concerning Guided Projects in Desert Areas, Correspondence Regarding The Suq Renovation Project at Suhar, Oman, Memorandum Regarding Rural Housing Research, Contemporaneity In Modern Arab Architecture, A Point of View On Rural Housing in Egypt, A Memorandum on The Importance of Rural Housing Research, Memorandum Offering Proposals For The Contribution of the Group In The Research On Climate and Architecture in the Project for Rural Development in Oman, Planning and Building in the Arab Tradition: The Gourna Village Experiment in Egypt, Memorandum Regarding the Drawbacks of Rural Development Research, Architecture in The Middle East: Past, Present, and Future, The Ekistical Approach To The Problem of Roofing in Farming Houses, A Memorandum Regarding The Guided Project For The Village of Harraniya, Constancy, Transposition, and Change In City Design For the Arab City In the Future, A Memorandum On The Design Of The Cultural Center of Luxor, The Aesthetic Approach to the Problem of Roofing in Peasant House Building, A Memorandum On The Rural Industries In Egypt, A Study On Some Factors Influencing The Determining of Architectural Forms, Arches, Vaults, and Domes in Architecture, Technology At The Service Of National Culture and Economy In The Field Of Architecture and Urban Planning, Regarding The Understanding of Modern Arabic Architecture, Report Concerning The Migration Project Of The Inhabitants Of The Nubia Region. Vernacular Architecture. Architecture Misfit #8: Hassan Fathy Hassan Fathy (1900 – 1989) Hassan Fathy was responsible for 160 projects from houses and schools to large-scale communities. Contemporary Architecture Hassan Fathy – New Gourna Village. Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. Please use another browser for the best experience with our site. Hassan Fathy’s oeuvre can be understood as a continuous search to define an appropriate architecture with respect to the local context, one capable of expressing his arabité. In the mid of 1946, Hassan signed a contract with Egypt’s Antiquities Department where he came to build a sustainable architecture in the New Gourna Village, Egypt. New Gourna was a housing project masterminded by Hassan Fathy with the objective of re-housing the Seven Thousand people of Gourna, a village built on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles, part of the ancient cemetery of Thebes (now Luxor, Egypt). In 1985, Hassan Fathy donated an extensive collection of drawings and writings to the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Hassan Fathy was an Egyptian architect (1900-1989) who very quickly freed himself from the neoclassical teaching that was the rule for architects of the time. Landscape Architecture New Gourna Village, Hassan Fathy opposite Luxor, Upper Egypt, 1945-48 traditional local context, activist for the poor, but also a trap because it doesn't allow for cultural or technological change. An indispensable architect in the history of modern Islamic architecture is the Egyptian Hassan Fathy (1900 -89). Ottoman Cairo, ingeniously shaded and ventilated by means of their two-storey In his lifetime he designed more than thirty projects including several villages for the poor. models for later large-scale work. Pragmatism rather than identity-driven reactionary nostalgia is what drives the poor in how they build. He was also more generally very involved with the recording, preservation and care of all the work Fathy produced. When adding more than one criteria, choose AND/OR logic to apply, Pick the search criteria, choose the logic to apply, and enter a search value in the empty box, When using both AND/OR, user groups to indicate which logic applies to which terms, This site is adjusted only for landscape mode. construction and the desperate need of Egypt's poor to be taught once again to The preliminary - and incomplete - index of the set of typed documents was prepared in Cairo under the direction of Hassan Fathy in his house at Darb el Labana, during January 1983 to May 1988 with the intention to pass them on to the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Dearest Hassan Fathy, We know you are not alive anymore, although we wish you were, so you could continue designing unrivalled architecture, but we would like to take the time to dedicate a tribute to you by collating some of your most spectacular works in this article. had to teach about climate control and economical construction techniques and It is only through his determination, echoing that of Fathy himself, to make these materials accessible to scholars, professionals and students alike, that they are able to be presented on Archnet. The Hassan Fathy archives are now housed at the Aga Khan Trust for Culture in Geneva, Switzerland, and at the American University of Cairo. Fathy courageously takes on all of these issues, realizing that he must not simply view himself as an architect of homes. HASSAN FATHY, an Egyptian architect, has taught on the Faculty of Fine Arts in Cairo and served as head of its architectural section. 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