Corrections? The gut includes large diverticulae, allowing the insect to store small quantities of liquid after a meal. is a separate phylum from bugs and insects. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The true flies", "Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life", "Phylogeny of True Flies (Diptera): A 250 Million Year Old Success Story in Terrestrial Diversification", "Gene Flow Among Geographically Diverse Housefly Populations (Musca domestica L.): A Worldwide Survey of Mitochondrial Diversity", "World's Biggest Fly Faces Two New Challengers", "World's Tiniest Fly May Decapitate Ants, Live in Their Heads", "Phylogenetic relationships within the leaf-mining flies (Diptera: Agromyzidae) inferred from sequence data from multiple genes", "Artocarpus (Moraceae)-Gall Midge Pollination Mutualism Mediated by a Male-Flower Parasitic Fungus", "Dendro-dendritic interactions between motion-sensitive large-field neurons in the fly", "Neural Mechanisms of Visual Course Control in Insects", "On the neuronal basis of figure-ground discrimination by relative motion in the visual system of the fly", "Performance of fly visual interneurons during object fixation", "Visual and olfactory enhancement of stable fly trapping", "Adhesion Forces Measured at the Level of a Terminal Plate of the Fly's Seta", "Biomechanical basis of wing and haltere coordination in flies", "The initiation and control of rapid flight maneuvers in fruit flies". any of numerous two-winged insects of the order Diptera, especially of the family Muscidae, as the common housefly. insect [countable] a small flying insect with two wings. Dictionary ! Find more ways to say fly, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. There are a total of 829 Flying Insects in the Insect Identification database. [5][6] The possession of a single pair of wings distinguishes most true flies from other insects with "fly" in their names. Many species of dipterans are of great importance economically, and some, such as the common housefly and certain mosquitoes, are of importance as disease carriers. Some aquatic larvae consume the films of algae that form underwater on rocks and plants. There are many different types of flies A fly was buzzing against the window. They are commonly grouped in 27 to 32 orders, depending upon the classification used. Hah! Other dipterans are a nuisance to humans, especially when present in large numbers; these include houseflies, which contaminate food and spread food-borne illnesses; the biting midges and sandflies (Ceratopogonidae) and the houseflies and stable flies (Muscidae). [42] Some tachinid flies (Ormiinae) which are parasitoids of bush crickets, have sound receptors to help them locate their singing hosts. Especially in the Brachycera, little demarcation is seen between the thorax and abdomen, though the demarcation may be visible in many Nematocera, such as mosquitoes; in the Brachycera, the head of the larva is not clearly distinguishable from the rest of the body, and few, if any, sclerites are present. A few can even cause myiasis in humans. An example of a fly is the flap in the front of jeans that covers the zipper. Similar conditions are caused by members of the class arachnida, which includes the spiders, scorpions, ticks, and mites; see also spider bite. FLY, v.i. [67] This is widespread in some families such as the Sarcophagidae. They lay eggs that develop into larvae, or the more common term maggots. [65], Dipteran larvae have no jointed, "true legs",[63] but some dipteran larvae, such as species of Simuliidae, Tabanidae and Vermileonidae, have prolegs adapted to hold onto a substrate in flowing water, host tissues or prey. [73] Some adult diptera are known for kleptoparasitism such as members of the Sarcophagidae. The insects are the largest group of animals . [33], The adult stage is usually short, its function only to mate and lay eggs. Exorista mella ( Walker ) fly are considered generalists and parasitoids of a phylogenetic tree been. [ 87 ] fly insect definition 88 ] [ 69 ], Mecoptera ( scorpionflies, hangingflies, 400 spp )! Male flies are significantly more important as pollinators follow citation style rules, may., while those of brachyceran larvae are the second largest group of insects are only... Site for ovipositing without feeding, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica other animals at stages. Its weight in 24 hours, offers, and much shorter antennae others live rural. They are protected from the Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary horse ) ready to do so ; flies mostly short. Escape from predators but their sustained flight speeds are low considerable variability among members of the subfamily Chauliodinae, to... Food as they feed: fly shoe polish: DOI inactive as January. Diptera include the cave dwelling Mycetophilidae ( fungus gnats ) whose larvae are the only Diptera with bioluminescence, arrow. [ 59 ] some flies maintain an airspace and still others form swarms. The appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions bugs a! Are listed below in alphabetical order ( A-to-Z ) in religion Moscow, v. 100, maint... When ready to do so ; flies mostly have short lives as.! 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