José Rizal 1861-1896. He was able to establish a private library and kept carriage. Rizal’s mother Teodora Alonso came from the clan of Lakan Dula, known as the last Malay king of Tondo. So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? He used this surname from 1731 to November 11, 1849 as soon as Governor-General Narciso Claveria posed a regulation that requires them to make use of Spanish family names. Had his ancestral family name been carried through, national hero Jose Rizal would have been known as Jose Co, the great-great grandson of Siang Co and Zun Nio from Fujian, China. She was arrested and made to walk all the way from Biñan to the provincial capital of Laguna because among other things, she refused to use the name Realonda, which was assigned to her. Many wonder why he used “Rizal” while his father was Francisco Mercado. Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The departure of Jose Rizal for Spain was kept secret from Spanish authorities, friars and even to his parents especially to his mother because she would not allow him to go. She was also traced to Eugenio Ursua whose ancestors came from Japan. In order to hide this shameful act, Saturnina went out on a vacation with her mother Teodora, only to come back later with a newborn child. Jose Rizal and his family got the surname 'Rizal' from his Chinese ancestor Domingo Lameo. Surname “Rizal” His real and complete name was Dr. José Rizal Protasio Mercado y Alonso Realonda. He had nine sisters and one brother. He changed his surname to protect his identity. Francisco Mercado was born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818. Victor Balaguer two hours before Rizal’s execution at Bagumbayan. He should have been Jose Mercado right? Soledad was the most beautiful among the Rizal sisters, having a mestizo father. Novels and Other Writing . The Rizal family name was found in the USA in 1920. He should have been Jose Mercado right?So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? Lorenzo was from Biñan, Laguna. They were a combination of Negrito, Malay, Indonesian, Japanese, Chinese, and Spanish, though Jose was predominantly Malayan. Their daughter, Regina, married Manuel de Quintos, Filipino-Chinese lawyer from Pangasinan. How Jose Obtained the ‘Rizal’ Last Name. The Mercados of Calamba had decided that their son Jose was to use the surname Rizal. According to Dr. Jose Rizal, his mother, Teodora Alonzo and Uncle Jose Alberto, came from the marriage of Joaquina Brigida de Quintos and Lorenzo Alberto. This section is a placeholder for information about the Rizal surname. In 1920 there were 2 Rizal families living in Colorado. His real and complete name was Dr. José Rizal Protasio Mercado y Alonso Realonda. So he just used his middle name, Rizal, instead, which was considered as illustrado during the Spanish time and entails the benefits a Spaniard can get. He stayed at the pastoral house of a kind Protestant pastor, Dr. Karl Ullmer, the whole family of whom became Rizal’s good friends. Being a teacher, she was arguably the best educated among Rizal’s sisters. The name was suggested by a provincial governor who is a friend of the family. He was a Philippine representative to the Spanish cortes. José changed his surname from Mercado to his middle name, " Rizal." The Rizal family is considered as one of the largest families during the… Also called ‘Choleng,’ Soledad Rizal (1870-1929) was the youngest child of the Rizal family. Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. The Philippine representation to the Spanish cortes though, under the Cadiz constitution allowing colonies to be represented in the Spanish Cortez was short lived. However, the name change caused confusion in the business affairs of Francisco, most of which were begun under the old name. Other accounts say that all the siblings came from the same mother except Teodora, and this is why Teodora had always been treated like an outsider. Jose Rizal’s grandmother, Brigida Quintos was “another woman.”  Rizal’s grandfather, Lorenzo Alberto’s legal wife was Paula Florentino of Vigan who was younger by twelve years. THE SURNAME Mercado was the original surname of the Rizal family. Domingo Lam-Co, the great-great-grandfather of Jose Rizal, decided to use Mercado as his surname in 1731 to match his profession, being a merchant. One example was Dr. José Rizal’s mother. Rizal means "Ricial or grains", and they started using it 1731. Rizal lived to be 113; Did not die in Bagumbayan, HISTORY: December 30, 1896, 6:00 a.m. Retraced, 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