The National Research and Development Center for Teacher Education under the DECS listed 76 extracurricular activities performed by public school teachers. Across the years our educational system has been rocked by controversies which have remained unabated up to this day. For the past 20 years, since the DECS adopted the bilingual policy, Tagalog-based Pilipino has been used to teach over half of the subjects in the elementary and secondary curriculum of both public and private schools. The Philippines, including its educational sector, is controlled by US monopoly capital through loan politics. Teaching has often been referred to as the “most notable of all professions.” To many teachers, however, the noble image of their profession has been transformed into an illusion. Quality of Education biggest problems and focus of government in the Philippines is to find solution of the current problems facing our education today., is the decrease of quality students produced by secondary level thus the Department of Education is planning to implement additional two years of high schooling in order to boost it so that our country can able to produce a globally competitive students like the country of … The system, methodology, and even content of education in the Philippines are mere haphazard transplantation from the West. Most of the past and present teachers, book authors, and Social Studies consultants pay more attention to the history of the colonizers in the Philippines, and not to the history of Filipinos. Most modern societies have encountered an equalizing effect on the subject of education. The plan envisions the Philippines becoming an upper-middle income country by 2022, based on more inclusive economic growth that will reduce inequalities and poverty, particularly in rural areas. Source: International Institute for Management Development Their daily bout with dilapidated classrooms, overcrowded classes, and lack of teaching materials, among others, make the teachers hardly rewarded work even more difficult. The present Philippine Educational system firstly covers six years of compulsory education (from grades 1 to 6), divided informally into two levels - both composed of three years. They also have to report during weekends and holidays and even during their yearly vacation time. According to 2003 Department of Education. This function is realized through the schools, whether it be in public or private or religious schools. The nationwide classroom shortage is estimated to be 40,000 and the DECS (now DepEd) operates two shifts in many schools. France Castro, secretary of Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT), stated that there is a graved need to address the alarming number of out-of-school youth in the country. I, for one, am not all that surprised about it either. This ongoing mass emigration subsequently inducts an unparalleled brain drain alongside grave economic implications. A rather sweeping indictment is that the Philippine educational system has been and still is basically American in orientation and objectives. The structural adjustments as basis for the grants of loans, basically require liberalization, deregulation and privatization in a recipient country. There are large-scale shortages of facilities across Philippine public schools - these include classrooms, teachers, desks and chairs, textbooks, and audio-video materials. In 2017, the National Economic and Development Authority of the Philippines published the Philippine Development Plan, 2017-2022, detailing the country’s aspirations for the next five years. These loans financed the Educational Development Project (EDPITAF) in 1972; the Presidential Commission to Survey Philippine Education (PCSPE) in 1969; the Program for Decentralized Educational Development (PRODED) in 1981-1989. 5. ISSUES IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION PRISCILLA S. MANALANG Suddenly education is "in" as an area for re search, with social scientists rushing in to study a relatively new field. As transplanted into the educational sector, deregulation is spelled reduced appropriation or reduced financial assistance to public schools through so called fiscal autonomies; privatization and liberalization is spelled commercialized education or liberalization of governments’ supervision of private schools and privatize state colleges and universities. Subsequently, as more families become poorer, the number of students enrolled in public schools increases, especially in the high school level. In the Philippines, the school year is set to resume in August, yet conducting traditional classes is far from happening soon, according to the Department of Education. The students' performance in both the 2014 NAT and NCAE were excessively below the target mean score. Even now, despite years of independence, our educational system has not succeeded in eliminating the chronic colonial mentality which abounds like a mental blight within or without the academe. It is about being efficient in the use of technology. © 2004-2021 K12academics.com — All Rights Reserved. Mostly, this has been the case in the teaching of History subjects from the elementary to tertiary levels and will most likely perpetuate in the next generations to come. The shortages of classrooms and textbooks are particularly severe. Formal education typically spans 14 years and is structured in a 6+4+4 system: 6 years of primary school education, 4 years of secondary school education, and 4 years of higher education, leading to a bachelor’s degree. In 2013, the Department of Education estimated that there are 38, 503 elementary schools alongside 7,470 high schools. Problems and Issues in the Philippine Educational System 1. But just how is Filipino nursing education varied from that of the US and Canada? Furthermore, state universities and colleges gradually raise tuition so as to have a means of purchasing facilities, thus making tertiary education difficult to access or more often than not, inaccessible to the poor. For advocacy group Philippine Business for Education (PBEd), while change has come for Philippine education it is “but only passably so.” While PBED lauded the expanding access to education across all levels, it also stressed the “importance of focusing on … There is a large mismatch between educational training and actual jobs. The history of the Filipino people and the colonial history of the Philippines are two different topics altogether. All these are indications of the poor quality of education. The WB-IMF and the Ford Foundation have earmarked $400M for Philippine education. While the bilingual policy is a law which not even the Secretary of Education can change, it has become a growing concern that many students are deficient in communication skills. Nationwide the Philippines faces several issues when it comes to the educational system. The third prevalent issue the Philippine educational system continuously encounters is the affordability of education (or lack thereof). Since education has been singled out as an important variable in socio economic development, it now merits the close attention of economists, particularly the plan GRAFT AND CORRUPTION HE CITED EVELYN CHUA'S BOOK ENTITLED "ROBBED" BY PHILIPPINE … Well, I’m sure that most of you are more than a little familiar with this one. Filipinos who still take up nursing in 2018 put their faith in the quality of their education and pin their hopes in landing a job abroad. Despite the K-12 Law and the other educational reforms such as the Unified Student Financial Assistance System for Tertiary Education (UniFAST) Law and the Free Higher Education Law, the Philippines continues to get poor marks in international education performance indices. The bilingual policy in education aims to develop a Filipino who is proficient in both English and Filipino. Private schools have been assailed as profit-making institutions turning out half-baked graduates who later become part of the nation’s educated unemployed. Current Problems of the Philippine Educational System 1. The cost of delivering basic education to 27 million Filipino learners and college education to 4 million students is high that even the government cannot afford entirely. There is dispute with regard to the quality of education provided by the system. Other teaching tools, such as science materials, teaching devices and audio-visual aids, are also in short supply. The third prevalent issue the Philippine educational system continuously encounters is the affordability of education (or lack thereof). This is based on the xenocentric (foreign- centered) premise that other culture or system is far more superior than one’s own. Corruption, poverty and human rights issues are three of the major social issues facing the Philippines in 2017. Similar to the United States of America, the Philippines has had an extensive and extremely inclusive system of education including features such as higher education. The students' performance in both the 2014 NAT and NCAE were excessively below the target mean score. This situation handicaps the teaching staff in their work. Although it has been mandated by the Philippine Constitution for the government to allocate the highest proportion of its government to education, the Philippines remains to have one of the lowest budget allocations to education among ASEAN countries. In the year 2014, the National Achievement Test (NAT) and the National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) results show that there had been a decline in the quality of Philippine education at the elementary and secondary levels. Additionally, most freshmen students at the tertiary level come from relatively well-off families. Even […] Brain Drain is a persistent problem evident in the educational system of the Philippines due to the modern phenomenon of globalization, with the number of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) who worked abroad at any time during the period April to September 2014 was estimated at 2.3 million. But it isn’t just a Swiss business school that thinks the Philippines needs to improve quality of education. Corruption The country ranks 101 out of 176 countries on the 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), which evaluated the countries' corruption levels on a scale from 0 to 100. Having said this, the poor quality of the Philippine educational system is manifested in the comparison of completion rates between highly urbanized city of Metro Manila, which is also happens to be not only the country's capital but the largest metropolitan area in the Philippines and other places in the country such as Mindanao and Eastern Visayas. Our finance to education is very far from other Asian countries like Malaysia and Thailand. Lack of Facilities and Teacher Shortage in Public Schools Having said this, the poor quality of the Philippine educational system is manifested in the comparison of completion rates between highly urbanized city of Metro Manila, which is also happens to be not only the country's capital but the largest metropolitan area in the Philippines and other places in the country such as Mindanao and Eastern Visayas. This kind of statistic is no surprise to the education system in the Philippine context, students who hail from Philippine urban areas have the financial capacity to complete at the very least their primary school education. reforms transforming agri-colleges into state universities to provide opportunities to disadvantaged students b. quality control by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) shutting … A blog that tackles issues on basic education (in the Philippines and the United States) including early childhood education, the teaching profession, math and science education, medium of instruction, poverty, and the role of research and higher education. To sum it up, there are too many students and too little resources. Bulatlat Contributors July 11, 2020 COVID-19, Vantage Point. Colonial, feudal, imperial, commercial, and elitist orientation in Philippine education. Drop-out Rate (Out-of-school youth) Over the last three decades, we have come to think of the Filipino teachers as overworked and underpaid professionals. More than 9 million students in both private and public schools had enrolled online for schoolyear 2020-2021 as the month of June ended. A public education system was first established - a system specifically patterned after the United States school system and further administered by the newly established Department of Instruction. Education in the Philippines: Structure Education in the Philippines is offered through formal and non-formal systems. At present, quality education is financial-capacity based, making higher education more of a privilege rather than a right. Graduates may choose to “wait it out” until a job opportunity in the high paying sector comes. When it comes to influence, the educational system of the Philippines has been affected immensely by the country's colonial history including the Spanish period, American period, and Japanese rule and occupation. THE Philippine Institute of Development Studies (PIDS) recently issued what should be taken as a dire warning about the state of public primary education in the Philippines, one that essentially points out that despite a general public impression that things are improving, the public education system is deteriorating at an alarming rate. The textbook problem is even more serious. Colonial historiography. It is therefore Eurocentric, culturally insensitive, and non-reflective of the local milieu. 3 Current Trends and Issues in Philippine Education.pptx. The Department of Education also released data stating that 91% of the 61, 510 shortages in teachers was filled up alongside appointments (5, 425 to be specific) are being processed. Issues regarding the K-12 This aforementioned divide in the social system has made education become part of the institutional mechanism that creates a division between the poor and the rich. Social Divide Furthermore, 770 schools in Metro Manila, Cebu, and Davao were considered overcrowded. In 2012, the Department of Education showed data of a 6.38% drop-out rate in primary school and a 7.82% drop-out rate in secondary school. Aside from classroom instructions, teachers perform a host of backbreaking and time-consuming jobs unrelated to the teaching function. Although Manila is able to boast a primary school completion rate of approximately 100 percent, other areas of the nation, such as Eastern Visayas and Mindanao, hold primary school completion rate of only 30 percent or even less. The second issue that the Philippine educational system faces is the budget for education. Budget for Education • The Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and the Philippine government are doing their part to create solutions to the rising unemployment problem of the country.a. Over the past several years, a string of high-profile mass shootings in U.S. schools … Mismatch The study looked into the challenges of inclusiveness for teacher education along policy, curriculum, materials, and methodology of State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) in the Philippines offering teacher education programs to estimate their vulnerability. The so-called Philippines 2000 was launched by the Philippine government to promote “global competitiveness,” Philippine Education 2000 carried it to effect through training of more skilled workers and surplus Filipino human power for foreign corporations to reduce their cost of production. The major problem of the tertiary level is the large proportion of the so called “mismatch” between training and actual jobs, as well as the existence of a large group of educated unemployed or underemployed. A big disparity in educational achievements is evident across various social groups. According to the Global Competitiveness Index 2017-2018 released by the World Economic Forum. It is in the educational sector where the concept of globalization is further refined and disseminated. Amidst the welter of issues, two of them have managed to stand out in importance: quality and relevance. They say that it is the very answer to poverty, corruption, hate, and ignorance. Although still limited, this can be seen in attempts to educate students about corruption and ethical issues in schools and higher education (ADB/OECD 2000, 55). Socioeconomically disadvantaged students otherwise known as students who are members of high and low-income poverty-stricken families, have immensely higher drop-out rates in the elementary level. EDUCATION is perhaps the most important function of the State. Lastly, there is a large proportion of mismatch, wherein there exists a massive proportion of mismatch between training and actual jobs. Although it has been mandated by the Philippine Constitution for the government to allocate the highest proportion of its government to education, the Philippines remains to have one of the lowest budget allocations to education among ASEAN countries. It comes in varied forms as “global competitiveness,” “the information highway,” “the Third Wave Theory,” “post modern society,” “the end of history,” and “borderless economy.”. Filipinos place a very high regard for and ... Across the years our educational system has been rocked by controversies which have remained unabated up to this day. In the year 2014, the National Achievement Test (NAT) and the National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) results show that there had been a decline in the quality of Philippine education at the elementary and secondary levels. Studies and fact-finding commissions have shown that the deteriorating quality of education is due to the low government budget for education; poor quality of teachers; poor management of schools; poor school facilities such as laboratory and library facilities; poor learning environment; the content of the curriculum; inadequate books and science equipment; the poor method of instruction; shortages of classrooms; and others. However, it is worth taking note of what the Aquino administration has done in its five years of governance with regard to classroom-building - the number of classrooms built from 2005 to the first half of the year 2010 has tripled. The key issues and problems in Philippine education which need further debate and depth analysis as well as immediate resolution include the following: It is uncommon to hear college teachers decry the quality of students that come to them. Albeit the claims the government makes on increasing the allocated budget for education, there is a prevalent difficulty the public school system faces with regard to shortages. A blog that tackles issues on basic education (in the Philippines and the United States) including early childhood education, the teaching profession, math and science education, medium of instruction, poverty, and the role of research and higher education. 1. How To Get Paid Faster By Your Debtors Without Chasing! President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has observed that Filipinos must “employ education to change the culture of corruption” (Gov.Ph News, 2004). Quality of education For the three factors, the Philippines scored 31st for appeal, 61st for investment and development, and 26th for readiness. Funding for public education comes from the national government.For the academic year 2017–2018, about 83% of K–12 students attended public schools and about 17% either attended private schools or were home-schooled. Socioeconomically disadvantaged students otherwise known as students who are members of high and low-income poverty-stricken families, have immensely higher drop-out rates in the elementary level. Issues in Philippine Education: In Retrospect They say that education is the best social leveler. This situation has persisted for many years. The Philippines just doesn’t invest as much on education as its neighbors Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia and even Laos. History of Education in the United States, ‹ History of Education in the Philippines, Education in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Education in the Central African Republic, Education in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Education in the Federated States of Micronesia, Education in the Philippines During the American Rule. ISSUES IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION 65 tailored to fit the changing job market. The second issue that the Philippine educational system faces is the budget for education. Graduate education in the Philippines is also not large enough to meet the internal needs of the higher educational system for qualified faculty. Yet, inclusive education is found difficult to build in poorer developing countries. Special education in the Philippines Special education refers to the arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, accessible settings, and other interventions designed to address the needs of students with learning differences, mental health issues, physical and developmental disabilities, and giftedness. 2. In President Aquino's fourth state of the nation address (SONA), he spoke of the government's achievement of zero backlog in facilities such as classrooms, desks and chairs, and textbooks which has addressed the gap in the shortages of teachers, what with 56,085 new teachers for the 61, 510 teaching items in the year 2013. A survey done in preparation for a World Bank education loan found that the pupil-textbook ration in the public elementary schools is 10:1 and 79% of the textbooks are more than 5 years old. Deteriorating quality of education. How To Become Famous And Gain More Followers On Instagram, Etiquette For Nouveau Riche You Need To Know. To address this problem, it is suggested that leaders in business and industry should be actively involved in higher education. Furthermore, a selective admission policy should be carried out; that is, mechanisms should be installed to reduce enrolment in oversubscribed programs and promote enrolment in undersubscribed ones. 7 Key Issues And Problems Of Philippine Education 1. RELATED: IATF … Many critics have pointed out that there is too much ... Studies and observations of Filipino beliefs and practices give the ... To address the numerous political problems of the country, the ... No 1. However, the data gathered by the Department of Education shows that during the opening of classes (June 2013), the shortages in classrooms was pegged at 19, 579, 60 million shortages when it came to textbooks, 2.5 million shortages with regard to chairs, and 80, 937 shortages of water and sanitation facilities. Additionally, the number of classrooms that were put up from the year 2010 to February 2015 was recorded to be at 86,478, significantly exceeding the 17,305 classrooms that were built from 2005 to 2010 and adequate enough to counterbalance the 66,800 classroom deficit in the year 2010. Education’s new normal is more than just creating a safe environment for the students and teachers. 6. The Philippines overall has 1.4 million children who are out-of-school, according to UNESCO's data, and is additionally the only ASEAN country that is included in the top 5 countries with the highest number of out-of-school youth. This kind of statistic is no surprise to the education system in the Philippine context, students who hail from Philippine urban areas have the financial capacity to complete at the very least their primary school education. Current Issues on Philippine Education Essay Sample 1.The government only spends 12percent of the national budget for education that is far from the suggested cut of the World Bank which is 20%. We should not interpret this to mean the total elimination of inexpensive work education which provides some relaxation from study and may, hopefully, develop healthier attitudes toward manual labor. Castro further stated that "the increasing number of out-of-school children is being caused by poverty. Perennial graft and corruption in the acquisition of books and in the construction of school buildings has often been reported. Problems relate to the geographic location of the institutions, admission requirements of higher education, cost of education, and limited financial assistance. Philippine education in crisis. “However, in 2018, The Philippines witnessed a deterioration of its ability to provide the economy with the skills needed, which points to a mismatch between school curriculums and the demands of companies,” he said. The first level is known as the Primary Level and the second level is known as the Intermediate Level. The literature points out that this could be the result of a rational response to a dual labor market where one sector is import-substituting and highly-protected with low wages. 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