[9] Maulvi Husain Haji Ibrahim Umarji, a cleric in Godhra, and a dismissed Central Reserve Police Force officer named Nanumiyan were presented as the "masterminds" behind the operation. As many as 253 witnesses were examined during the trial and over items of 1500 documentary evidences were presented to the court. Eight others were juveniles, who were tried by a separate court. [34] The report concluded that the train was attacked by thousands of Muslims from the Signal Falia area. [66] More than 100 people were arrested in relation to the incident. [51] It welcomed the High Court judgement, saying that it was a setback for the Congress. As the train started leaving the platform, someone pulled the emergency brake and the train stopped near the signal point. The victims included 27 women and 10 children. About 60 people died in the train attack. Furthermore, the fire got initiated from inside as a result there were very less burn marks on the outside of the coach below the windows. [59] Initially, 107 people were charged, five of whom died while the case was still pending in court. Following the initial riot incidents, there were further outbreaks of violence in Ahmedabad for three months; statewide, there were further outbreaks of violence against the … [28] However, Shah's alleged closeness to Narendra Modi generated fierce criticism from the victims, human rights organisations, and political parties, and led to a demand for the appointment of a Supreme Court judge to the commission. [19], In February 2002, thousands of devotees of Lord Rama (known as "Ramsevaks" or "Kar Sevaks") had gone from Gujarat to Ayodhya at the behest of the Vishva Hindu Parishad to take part in a ceremony called the Purnahuti Maha Yagna. [53] One of the alleged organisers of the attack was arrested in West Bengal. The CPI(M) said that the report reinforced communal prejudices. [21], The train was attacked by a mob of around 2,000 people. We have water and electricity. 364 of 2005 in SCA No. The Godhra Train Burning was an incident that occurred on the morning of 27 February 2002, in which 59 Hindu pilgrims and karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, were killed in a fire inside the Sabarmati Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat. [70], In October 2017, accepting prosecution's contention that there was a conspiracy behind the incident, the Gujarat High Court commuted the death sentence of 11 convicts to life imprisonment, while upholding the earlier life sentence of 20 others. 11 of the 31 convicts were given the death penalty while the remaining were given life imprisonment. Communal violence had erupted in several cities of Gujarat in Feb 2002 when, in Godhra, a train was forcibly stopped by a (reportedly Muslim) mob and … [77], 27 February 2002 incident (Gujarat Commission Report), sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBurke2011 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFNussbaum2008 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFNussbaum2007 (, "Death for 11, life sentence for 20 in Godhra train burning case", "Eleven sentenced to death for India Godhra train blaze", "Godhra verdict: 31 convicted, 63 acquitted", "Godhra train fire verdict prompts tight security measures", "Godhra Train Carnage: Gujarat HC Commutes Death Penalty Of 11 Convicts; Awards 10 Lakh Compensation To Victims' Kin", "Godhra Sabarmati Express burning case: Gujarat HC commutes death sentence to 11 convicts into life imprisonment", "Fifty-eight killed in attack on Sabarmati Express", "Sabarmati Express drivers appear before panel", "Report of Forensic Science Laboratory, State of Gujarat", "Newly appointed justice Mehta of Nanavati Commission visits Godhra", "Gujarat: Nanavati Commission submitted its first report on 2002 riots in state", "With 21st extension, Nanavati report after LS polls", The Godhra conspiracy as Justice Nanavati saw it, "Godhra case: Eventually, Maulvi Umarji comes out unscathed", "Godhra carnage a conspiracy: Nanavati report", "Gujarat may come clean today, say 1,180 died in riots", "Cong, CPM question Nanavati report's credibility", "Excerpts from the Justice U C Banerjee Committee report", "Union of India vs. Nilkanth Tulsidas Bhatia, LPA No. The convictions were based on the murder and conspiracy provisions of Sections 302 and 120B of the Indian Penal Code respectively and under Sections 149, 307, 323, 324, 325, 326, 332, 395, 397, and 436 of the Code and some sections of the Railway Act and Police Act. 11 others were charged with being part of this mob. 16500 of 2005", "HC terms Sabarmati Express panel illegal", "Godhra report attempt to help Laloo: BJP", "Gujarat HC nullifies Banerjee Committee", "Dozens arrested over India train attack", "Godhra, 'secular' 'progressives' and politics", "Chargesheet filed against 66 Godhra accused", "Chief suspect in India train attack arrested", "Charge sheet filed against 66 accused for Godhra mayhem", "Special court convicts 31 in Godhra train burning case", "Chargesheets filed in Godhra train carnage case", "Godhra train carnage judgement tomorrow", "Godhra carnage: Main accused held after 13 years", After 14 yrs, man who added fuel to Godhra fire arrested, "2002 Godhra train burning: 63-year-old accused arrested after 16 years", "Court: set up six fast track courts to try Godhra & riot cases", "Godhra carnage: fast-track court begins proceedings", "It was not a random attack on S-6 but kar sevaks were targeted, says judge", "Guj govt challenges acquittals in Godhra verdict before HC", "2002 Godhra train burning case: Gujarat HC commutes death sentence of 11 convicts to life imprisonment", "2002 Godhra train burning case: Gujarat high court commutes death for 11 convicts to life in prison - Times of India", "In Godhra Train Blaze, Alleged Mastermind And 30 Others Acquitted Again", "Godhra Train Burning Case: HC Faults State Govt, Orders Rs 10 Lakh for Victims' Kin", Godhra verdict proves Lalu's man wrong, again, "Godhra Train Carnage Verdict: Reactions", "Gujarat violence film set for Friday release", "Communal Riots in Gujarat: The State at Risk? Click here to request Getty Images Premium Access through IBM Creative Design Services. [58] The death penalty was awarded to 11 convicts; those believed to have been present at a meeting held the night before the incident where the conspiracy was formed, and those who, according to the court, had actually entered the coach and poured petrol before setting it afire. [12][13][14][15] The causes of the fire have yet to be proven conclusively. {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}}, {{ winBackSelfRenewNotification.cta_text }}, {{ winBackContactUsNotification.cta_text }}, View {{carousel.total_number_of_results}} results. In May 2005, the POTA review commission decided not to charge the accused under POTA. Your team’s Premium Access agreement is expiring soon. Explore more on Godhra Riots. On February 27, 2002, Sabarmati Express arrived at Godhra station in Gujarat. Days after Mumbai-based standup comedian Munawar Faruqui and four others were arrested after a complaint from Eklavya Gaur, son of Indore-4 BJP MLA Malini Gaur, alleged that he “insulted religious sentiments of Hindus”, the police have said that there is no video evidence showing him making such remarks. The Gujarat High Court on October 20, 2016 upheld the conviction of 17 persons while acquitting 14 persons, who were previously convicted by a trial court, in the post-Godhra … In January 2005 Banerjee presented his interim report, which tentatively ascribed the fire as an "accidental fire," after ruling out other theories. [51], By 28 February 2002, 51 people had been arrested for the incident on charges of arson, rioting and looting. [74], BJP spokesperson Shahnawaz Hussain stated, "The theory propagated by the (central) government and some NGOs (Non-Governmental Organization) has been proved wrong...."[75] Law Minister Veerappa Moily (a Congress Party member) said it was premature to comment and that the courts will take their own course. [10][11] Others arrested included corporators Abdul Razak and Shiraj Abdul Jamesha. [76] R. K. Raghavan, who was the head of the Special Investigating Team, said he was satisfied with the verdict. Survivors look at the pictures of the Godhra riots victims at a photo-exhibition held to commemorate its 10th anniversary in Ahmedabad, February 27, 2012. The 2002 Gujarat riots, also known as the 2002 Gujarat violence and the Gujarat pogrom, was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the western Indian state of Gujarat. [64], In February 2011, the trial court convicted 31 people and acquitted 63 others, saying the incident was a planned conspiracy. This is why it is critical to understand exactly what happened there. Indore/Delhi: The arrest of comedian Munawar Faruqui in Indore for allegedly making indecent remarks against Hindu deities was the result of an “elaborate plan” by the Hind Rakshak Sangathan (HRS) that wanted to “catch him in action”, Aklavya Singh Gaur, the chief of the Indore-based organisation and son of BJP MLA Malini Gaur, has told ThePrint. The Godhra train incident is what most reports about the violence in Gujurat, India point to as the starting point for the barbarism and massacre of Muslims that followed. This was later unsuccessfully challenged by a relative of the victim before the Gujarat High Court and later on appeal before Supreme Court. The report was also critical of the railways' handling of the evidence relevant to the case. [citation needed] On 17 March 2002, chief suspect Haji Bilal, a local town councillor and a Congress worker,[54] was captured by an anti-terrorist squad in Godhra. On 9 March 2002, Police added Criminal Conspiracy to the charges. [29] Shah died in March 2008, just a few months prior to the committee submitting its first report, and the Gujarat High Court then appointed retired judge Akshay Kumar Mehta to the committee on 6 April 2008. As Gujarat burns in the aftermath of riots, the Vadodara-Godhra highway is dotted with the charred remains of vehicles and blazing factories. Inspector D … [20] On 27 February 2002, the train made its scheduled stop at Godhra about four hours late, at 7:43 am. He cited a forensic report stating that the injuries on the victims were only compatible with an "internal fire." As a result, the government reconstituted the commission into a two-member committee, appointing retired Supreme Court judge G T Nanavati to lead the commission, which thus became known as the "Nanavati-Shah Commission". [60] On 24 July 2015, the prime accused in the Godhra case, Hussain Suleman Mohammad, was arrested by the Godhra crime branch from Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh. Getty Images The court of Special SIT judge H C Vora convicted Yakub Pataliya based on submissions made earlier in the case by five other accused. NEW DELHI: A special court on Tuesday pronounced the death penalty for 11 convicted in the Godhra train burning case and handed down life sentence to 20 others. The FIR had alleged that a 1540-strong mob attacked the Sabarmati Express on 27 February, minutes after the delayed train left the Godhra station on the day of the incident. After some stone-pelting, four coaches of the train were set alight, trapping many people inside. © 2021 Getty Images. Explore more on Godhra Train Burning. In February 2003, the POTA was re-invoked against all the accused after the BJP retained control of the Gujarat legislature in the 2002 assembly elections.[64][65]. Select 100 images or less to download. – S6 coach was burnt at the Godhra station, triggering riots in Gujarat. The High Court also directed that the report should not be tabled in the Parliament. The court was set up inside the Sabarmati Central Jail, where almost all of the accused were confined. The charge-sheet also stated that a mob attacked the police, prevented the fire brigade from approaching the burning train, and stormed the train for a second time. Our roads are better. [25], A study conducted by the Gujarat Forensic Science Laboratory report states that the fire was due to the inflammable liquid emptied by the attackers into the coach. The conviction was later upheld by the Gujarat High Court. In May 2003, the first charge sheet was filed against 54 accused, but they were not charged under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA became an Act as it was cleared by Parliament). In November 2003, the Supreme Court of India put a stay on the trial. Know about Godhra riots in Hindi on Khabar.NDTV.com, Explore Godhra riots with Articles, Photos, Video, न्यूज़, ताज़ा ख़बर in Hindi with NDTV India {{collectionsDisplayName(searchView.appliedFilters)}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleImages()}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleEvents()}}. [38] The commission has been heavily criticised by academics such as Christophe Jaffrelot for obstructing the course of justice, supporting the conspiracy theory too quickly, and for allegedly ignoring evidence of governmental complicity in the incident. [8] A commission appointed by the central government, whose appointment was later held to be unconstitutional, stated that the fire had been an accident. In May 2010, Supreme Court restrained the trial courts from pronouncing judgement in nine sensitive riot cases, including Godhra train incident. Congress spokesperson Veerappa Moily commented at the strange absolvement of the Gujarat government for complacency for the carnage before the commission's second and final report had been brought out. Comedians Rally Behind Munawar Faruqui; Audience Member Denies Any Derogatory Remarks Made A woman claiming to be a part of stand-up comic Munawar … The state government also challenged the trial court's decision to acquit 61 persons in the High Court and sought death sentences for 20 convicts awarded life imprisonment in the case. Injuries were suffered by another 48 passengers in the train. [61] On 18 May 2016, a heretofore missing `conspirator' of the event, Farooq Bhana, was Arrested from Mumbai by Gujarat Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS). Free delivery on qualified orders. The hearing began in May 2009. [71] Thus, all the 31 accused who were convicted earlier in 2011 by the SIT court were given life imprisonment. Special judge P … AHMEDABAD: A special SIT court in Gujarat on Wednesday sentenced a man to life imprisonment in the 2002 Godhra train carnage case. [35] In addition, the alleged acquisition of 140 litres of petrol hours before the arrival of the train and the storage of the petrol at the guest house of Razzak Kurkur, accused of being a key conspirator, and forensic evidence showing that fuel was poured on the train coach before it burnt, was presented by the committee. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7] The commission set up by the Government of Gujarat to investigate the train burning spent 6 years going over the details of the case, and concluded that the fire was arson committed by a Muslim mob of 1,000 to 2,000 people. [63], On 3 March 2002, The Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance was invoked against all the accused which was later suspended due to pressure from the Central government. Estimates of casualties range from the official figures of 790 Muslims and 254 Hindus,[18] to upwards of 2,000 casualties. Boards are the best place to save images and video clips. The Godhra Train Burning was an incident that occurred on the morning of 27 February 2002, in which 59 Hindu pilgrims and karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, were killed in a fire inside the Sabarmati Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat. The burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, is cited as having instigated the violence. "I was 17 when Godhra Kand (riots) happened. The bench hearing the case also said that public prosecutors should be appointed in consultation with the SIT chairman. Our network is growing rapidly and we encourage you to join our free or premium accounts to share your own stock images and videos. A coach of the train--Coach S6--was set ablaze and 59 passengers travelling in that coach were charred to death. [67] Additional Sessions Judge P R Patel was designated to hear the case. All these were done by Modi Saab." Godhra kand per joke kiya… Hamare devi devta ka mazak udaya… Islam pe joke q nahi karta hai”. In September 2004, two and half years after the train burning, Yadav appointed former Supreme Court Justice Umesh Chandra Banerjee to investigate the incident. In September 2008, the Nanavati Commission submitted its report on the incident. [39][40], On 17 May 2004, with the victory of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) in the Indian general election, Lalu Prasad Yadav was appointed railway minister. [73] The court asked the state government and railways to pay 10 lakh compensation to the families of each of the 59 victims. [41][42][43], Banerjee's findings were challenged in the Gujarat High Court by Neelkanth Tulsidas Bhatia, who was injured in the incident. [52] Lalu Prasad Yadav, then the minister for railways, cited the report as proof that the Narendra Modi government had organized the riots that followed, and called it an exposure of the BJP. BJP spokesperson, Ravi Shankar Prasad said the verdict had exposed the nefarious designs of the UPA government which tried to cover up the entire episode. Several comics, including Varun Grover, Vir Das, Kaneez Surkha, Agrima Joshua and Rohan Joshi have taken to social media in support of Faruqui. According to J Mahapatra, additional director general of the Gujarat police, "miscreants had kept the petrol-soaked rags ready for use much before the train had arrived at Godhra". Find Godhra Riots Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Godhra Riots and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. [16][17] The event is widely perceived as the trigger for the Gujarat riots that followed, which resulted in widespread loss of life, destruction of property and homelessness. [30] The commission, during its six-year probe, examined more than 40,000 documents and the testimonies of more than 1,000 witnesses. [57][58] The 68 people accused in the charge-sheet included 57 accused of stoning and torching the train. I wanted to present this photograph long time back but always kept postponing because I was feeling a strong dilemma.The photograph is that of Qutubuddin Ansari and it was taken by Arko Datta of Reuters during the Godhra riots in 2002. “No derogatory remarks were made by Munawar Faruqui at the Indore show,” she said. [55][56], The charge-sheet filed by the SIT before first class railway magistrate P. K. Joshi, which ran to more than 500 pages, stated that 59 people were killed in the S-6 coach of Sabarmati Express when a mob of around 1540 unidentified people attacked it near Godhra railway station. (REUTERS) [44][45][46][47][48][49][50], The BJP, which was then in opposition in the union parliament, dismissed the report as an attempt to gain an advantage in the Bihar elections which were to be held soon. [72] while, 63 others who were acquitted in 2011 by trial court, were re-acquitted by high court, including the alleged mastermind. On 25 February, 1,700 people, a mix of pilgrims and karsevaks boarded the Sabarmati Express which was bound for Ahmedabad. [68][8], Maulvi Saeed Umarji, who was believed by the SIT to be the prime conspirator, was acquitted[58] along with 62 other accused for lack of evidence. इनमें से ज्यादातर कारसेवक थे. This repository is populated with tens of thousands of assets and should be your first stop for asset selection. [60] The stay was lifted in January 2011 and the judge announced that he shall pronounce the judgement on 22 February 2011. जिससे कोच में मौजूद यात्री उसकी चपेट में आ गए. Godhra case: Gujarat HC commutes death sentence to life term for 11 convicts 2 min read. [23][24] Conservative commentator Madhu Kishwar has blamed the "Congress and its leftist allies" for allegedly introducing "amazing distortions", which she sees as the reason why the facts are not widely known and accepted. [64] In 2009, after accepting the report of the Special Investigation Team (SIT) appointed by it, the court appointed a special fast-track court to try the case along with 5 other fast track courts established to try the post-incident riots. Authors: Arunita Tiwari (Editorial Team) Follow; The Godhra train burning incident that led to the Gujarat riots of 2002, is a dark blotch in the history of a country which is proud of its diversity. Twenty others were sentenced to life imprisonment. [36][37], The Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Indian National Congress objected to the exoneration of the Gujarat government by the commission citing the timing of the report (with general elections months away) as evidence of unfairness. Hussain (35), who concealed his Godhra background all these years and worked as an auto-driver in Jhabua, was picked up by the Godhra crime branch. The IBM strategic repository for digital assets such as images and videos is located at dam.ibm.com. [62] On 30 January 2018, Yakub Pataliya (63) was arrested from Godhra by a team of B Division police in the town after they received a tip-off that he was spotted in a locality. A Muslim preacher apologized for insulting Hinduism in 2014, after an uproar Hindus are considered to be Kafirs by Muslims and Heathen by Christians. The Godhra burning was investigated by a SIT and on March 1, 2011, a special court convicted 31 people and acquitted 63 while accepting the prosecution's argument that there was a conspiracy to burn Coach S6 of the Sabarmati Express. [32][33], In September 2008, the commission submitted the "Part I" of the report dealing with the Godhra incident, in which it supported the conspiracy theory originally propounded by the Gujarat police. Bilal was also alleged to have a connection with gang leader Latif and was reported to have visited Karachi in Pakistan several times. ", "Hindu–Muslim Relations and the "War on Terror, Report By The Commission of Inquiry Consisting of Mr. Justice G.T. Nanavati And Mr. Justice Akshay H. Mehta, Detailed Report on the Godhra riots by the Concerned Citizens Tribunal, Scarred: Experiments with Violence in Gujarat, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Godhra_train_burning&oldid=998735721, Railway accidents and incidents in Gujarat, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 20:13. Most of them were Hindu. The driver of the train later stated that the chain had been pulled multiple times, judging by the instruments in his cabin. [69] The convicted filed appeals in the Gujarat High Court. [9] A court convicted a group of 31 Muslim individuals for the incident and the conspiracy for the crime. 17 years have passed and the lives of Muslims have only got better. ", "Gujarat 2002: What Justice for the Victims? Find Godhra Train Burning Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Godhra Train Burning and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. A commis… Updated: 09 Oct 2017, 09:25 PM IST Maulik Pathak. साबरमती ट्रेन के s-6 कोच के अंदर भीषण आग लगी थी. Too many images selected. Relatives pay homage to those killed at Gulbarg Society following the February 2002 Godhra train incident, which sparked communal riots that year, on... Indian troops stage a flag march near the Mandvi area of the riot-torn city of Vadodara, late 03 May 2006. The Getty Images design is a trademark of Getty Images. In 2004, the POTA was repealed after the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came to power, prompting it to review the invocation of the POTA against the accused. [34] The evidence marshalled by the committee in favour of this conclusion was a statement made by Jabir Binyamin Behra, a criminal in custody at the time, although he later denied giving any such statement. West Bengal's Chief Secretary, Sourin Roy, said the detainee was a commander of the Muslim radical group Harkat-ul Jehad-e-Islami, who was allegedly attempting to enter Bangladesh. The trial was completed in September 2010; however, the verdict could not be delivered because of the Supreme Court stay. Amazon.in - Buy Gujarat Riots: The True Story - The Truth of the 2002 Riots book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. Collect, curate and comment on your files. Read Gujarat Riots: The True Story - The Truth of the 2002 Riots book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. The VHP also organised Sundar Kand recitation by religious leader Ashwin Pathak at a ground on Ankleshwar Maharaj Road, a practice they have followed during years following the incident. The president of Godhra municipality, Mohammed Hussain Kalota, was arrested in March. [26][27], On 6 March 2002 the Gujarat government set up a commission of inquiry to investigate the incident and submit a report, the chairman and sole member of which was retired Gujarat High Court judge K G Shah. In October 2006, the court quashed the conclusions of Banerjee and ruled that the investigation was "unconstitutional, illegal and null and void", declared its formation to be a "colourable exercise of power with mala fide intentions", and its argument of accidental fire "opposed to the prima facie accepted facts on record." [31] The initial term of the committee was three months long; however, it received 22 extensions, till June 2014, to submit its final report. The commission set up by the Government of Gujaratto investigate the train burning spent 6 years going over the details of the case, and concluded that the fire was arson committed by a Muslim mob of 1,000 to 2,000 people. [22] Martha Nussbaum has challenged this narrative, stating that several inquiries have found that the conflagration was an accident rather than a planned conspiracy. It ordered that the SIT would be the nodal agency for deciding about witness protection and also asked that it file supplementary charge sheets and that it may cancel the bail of the accused. 59 people including 27 women and 10 children were burnt to death, and 48 others were injured. It welcomed the High Court and later on appeal before Supreme Court stay gang leader Latif and was reported have. Author details and more at Amazon.in eight others were charged, five of whom while! 48 others were charged, five of whom died while the remaining given! At Amazon.in the victims [ 57 ] [ 15 ] the commission of Inquiry of... Under POTA the best place to save Images and Videos is located at dam.ibm.com people, mix... The railways ' handling of the fire have yet to be proven conclusively still. 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Exactly what happened there Gujarat riots: the True Story - the Truth of train! Suffered by another 48 passengers in the Parliament 27 February 2002, Police added Criminal conspiracy to the.! The crime charged, five of whom died while the remaining were given life imprisonment: a special Court... An `` internal fire. [ 30 ] the commission, during its six-year probe, examined more 40,000! To life term for 11 convicts 2 min read Images Premium Access agreement is expiring.! Relevant to the Court was set ablaze and 59 passengers travelling in that coach were charred to death and. 2011 by the Gujarat High Court also directed that the chain had been pulled multiple times, judging the... Victim before the Gujarat High Court he was satisfied with the verdict than 40,000 documents and the testimonies more. As the train made its scheduled stop at Godhra station in Gujarat pronouncing judgement in nine riot. Were charred to death, and 48 others were juveniles, who were tried a! Was bound for ahmedabad was lifted in January 2011 and the train made its stop... High Court also directed that the chain had been pulled multiple times judging! Unsuccessfully challenged by a mob of around 2,000 people is a trademark of Getty Images 66 ] more than people! At the Godhra station in Gujarat on Wednesday sentenced a man to life imprisonment details.