During the 1870s, Eadweard Muybridge began recording motion photographically and invented a zoopraxiscope with which to view his recordings. [11] The current percentage of African Americans in San Francisco is similar to that of the state of California;[11] conversely, the city's percentage of Hispanic residents is less than half of that of the state. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.4%. [283], During the first half of 2018, human feces on San Francisco sidewalks were the second-most-frequent complaint of city residents, with about 65 calls per day. The city's largest manufacturing employer is Anchor Brewing Company, and the largest by revenue is Timbuk2. There are more than 50 hills within the city limits. The age distribution of the city was as follows: 107,524 people (13.4%) under the age of 18, 77,664 people (9.6%) aged 18 to 24, 301,802 people (37.5%) aged 25 to 44, 208,403 people (25.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 109,842 people (13.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. A popular tourist destination,[38] San Francisco is known for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman's Wharf, and its Chinatown district. KQED-FM is the most-listened-to National Public Radio affiliate in the country. [330] There are 1,088 miles of streets in San Francisco with 946 miles of these streets being surface streets, and 59 miles of freeways. Silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. A heightened interest in conventioneering in San Francisco, marked by the establishment of convention centers such as Yerba Buena, acted as a feeder into the local tourist economy and resulted in an increase in the hotel industry: "In 1959, the city had fewer than thirty-three hundred first-class hotel rooms; by 1970, the number was nine thousand; and by 1999, there were more than thirty thousand. [161] Competition for these opportunities pushes growth and adaptation in world centers.[162]. [323], Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), a regional Rapid Transit system, connects San Francisco with the East Bay and San Jose through the underwater Transbay Tube. [271], San Francisco serves as the regional hub for many arms of the federal bureaucracy, including the U.S. Court of Appeals, the Federal Reserve Bank, and the U.S. Mint. The San Francisco Bay Area is the sixth-largest television market[234] and the fourth-largest radio market[235] in the U.S. The Tenderloin has been marked by an area in San Francisco that has a high rate of crime. [106] Variation in precipitation from year to year is high. The earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. There were 376,942 housing units, at an average density of 1,625.5 per square mile (627.6/km2), of which 123,646 (35.8%) were owner-occupied, and 222,165 (64.2%) were occupied by renters. While overall crime rates are down, the rise in those types of incidents may explain worries voiced from the Bayview to Chinatown, to the Sunset neighborhoods. Boating, sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing are among the popular activities on San Francisco Bay, and the city maintains a yacht harbor in the Marina District. city. Because of these characteristics, San Francisco is ranked the second "most walkable" city in the United States by Walkscore.com. Homelessness has been a chronic problem for San Francisco since the early 1970s. Annual bicycle counts conducted by the Municipal Transportation Agency (MTA) in 2010 showed the number of cyclists at 33 locations had increased 58% from the 2006 baseline counts. [306], San Francisco State University is part of the California State University system and is located near Lake Merced. There were 21,677 (6.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 10,384 (3.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. The city's oldest radio station, KCBS, began as an experimental station in San Jose in 1909, before the beginning of commercial broadcasting. With their sourdough bread in tow,[46] prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia,[47] raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849. Interstate 80 begins at the approach to the Bay Bridge and is the only direct automobile link to the East Bay. It became an iconic symbol of San Francisco, and is still a staple of city life today. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates San Francisco's population to be 881,549 as of July 1, 2019, with a population density of 18,838/sq mi. [74] Hippies flocked to Haight-Ashbury in the 1960s, reaching a peak with the 1967 Summer of Love. extends biotech payroll tax exemption", "Mayor Lee Announces New Biotech Incubator in Mission Bay", "City and County of San Francisco, California Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2018", "Salesforce to house 1,500 more workers in second Transbay tower", "San Francisco is gateway city for immigrants and Silicon Valley Technology", "An Overview of San Francisco's Recent Economic Performance – Executive Summary", "Supervisors OK limits on chain-store expansion", "Proposition G: Limitations on Formula Retail Stores, City of San Francisco", "Made in San Francisco: Manufacturing a comeback", "The Post-Industrial "Shop Floor": Emerging Forms of Gentrification in San Francisco's Innovation Economy", "S.F. 4, 1948, p. 293. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males. By 1851, the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. The Tenderloin also sees high rates of drug abuse, gang violence, and prostitution. [18], Asian Americans remain the largest minority group at either 34.3% (including Asian Hispanics) or 34.1% (excluding Asian Hispanics). After the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, city leaders demolished the Embarcadero Freeway and a portion of the Central Freeway, converting them into street-level boulevards.[331]. The national newsmagazine Mother Jones is also based in San Francisco. [87] USGS has released the California earthquake forecast which models earthquake occurrence in California. The city constructed an auxiliary water supply system and has repeatedly upgraded its building codes, requiring retrofits for older buildings and higher engineering standards for new construction. The 1951 San Francisco Peace Treaty in Historical Perspective", "Urban Renewal Revisited: A Design Critique", "The Decline of the Port – A look at the transformation of the Port of San Francisco", "Organizing for Economic Growth – A new approach to business attraction and retention in San Francisco", "San Francisco Planning Department Census Data Analysis", "American Experience: Summer of Love: Film Description", "San Francisco History: The 1970s and 1980s: Gay Rights", "S.F. On Nob Hill, the Cable Car Museum is a working museum featuring the cable car power house, which drives the cables.[249]. During the 1870s, Eadweard Muybridge began recording motion photographically and invented a with. Approximately 30,000 students and offers an extensive continuing education program. [ 258 ] than 20 facilities across Francisco. Jobs and turned to tourism as the home of the Castro District has to. Resident ID Card regardless of the Castro District has contributed to San Francisco and County! 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