[26] On 3 November 2019, parliamentarian Ahmed Tantawi made online and parliamentary proposals for Sisi to step down in 2022 rather than stand for re-election in 2024.[27]. Ghonim refused, and a few days later Ghonim's brother Hazem was arrested in Cairo. Constitutional amendments approved in April 2019 strengthened presidential authority and could permit el-Sisi to rule until 2030. [23] Using their rifles, police "beat the hell" out of six of the Warraq protestors. The 'punchline queen' who offended Chinese men. Nafaa stated that "the image Sisi has created for himself has been totally shaken and it has been replaced by the opposite image. The Egyptian Revolutionary Council was formed in August 2014 in Istanbul, and … The vaguely worded 2019 constitutional amendments further strengthened the legal underpinnings of the military’s political influence, calling on it to “protect the constitution and democracy, and safeguard the basic components of the state and its civilian nature, and the people’s gains, and … Military rule is the major decision making force in the country and it has not allowed democracy to flourish. [14] In addition to el-Massry, prominent arrestees included former leader of the Constitution Party Khaled Dawoud and two professors of political science at Cairo University, Hazem Hosny and Hassan Nafaa. Its overall score has increased by 1.5 points, primarily because of a higher property rights score. Egypt: Central Bank holds rates steady in December. The 2019-20 Arab Opinion Index: Main Results in Brief The 2019-2020 Arab Opinion Index is the seventh in a series of yearly public opinion surveys across the Arab world, based on the findings from face-to-face interviews conducted with 28,288 individual respondents in 13 Arab countries: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco, … Protests and crackdowns are hitting the streets of Egypt. Former Air Force pilot Hany Sharaf and former state security officer Hesham Sabry then circulated videos highly critical of Sisi. Tantawi later discussed his video with Mada Masr, stating that his aim was to protect Egypt from the "imminent danger" of el-Sisi continuing in power too long, that it was consistent with el-Sisi's promises, and that this should satisfy el-Sisi's supporters. Nine found dead after China gold mine collapse, What it's like under one of world's strictest lockdowns. He reiterated his support for a strong relationship between Egypt and the United States. "[53], Former member of parliament and member of the al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, Amr el-Shobaki, judged the Brotherhood's role to be weak, stating that the Brotherhood does not "have the capacity to call for a rally [and its] capacity to recruit new members has been weakened." [41] Amnesty International stated that at least 111 children were arrested as well, often after having their phones searched at checkpoints. Developing The Lede: Latest Updates on Egypt’s Political Crisis. NPR's Scott Simon asks Mohamed Zaree of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies what the protesters want. Starting on 2 September 2019,[11] Mohamed Ali (also: Aly[13]), an Egyptian construction contractor living in exile in Spain, claimed on online social networks that he had worked in the construction industry for 15 years under army contracts, building five villas for colleagues of Sisi and a palace for Sisi in a military camp. "[15], The arrests of five journalists, including Sayed Abdellah, who had been reporting on the protests in Suez, and Mohammed Ibrahim, author of the blog "Oxygen Egypt", were documented by Amnesty International. Under the amendments, it was restored as a 180-member Senate. "[31], On 27 September itself, 1000[21] to 2000[23] people on Warraq Island on the Nile next to Cairo protested against Sisi and were attacked by police using tear gas. Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world, claims one of the world’s oldest cultures, descending from an ancient civilization that emerged in … the names of political leaders: President: Abdel fattah El-Sisi (since June 2014 ; re-elected for a second term in March 2018)Prime Minister: Mostafa Madbouli (since June 2018) Egypt's Wafd Party Chairman Al-Sayyid al-Badawi Shehata arrives at a meeting of the party's Higher Committee, Cairo, Egypt, Jan. 27, 2018. The protest took place in Khartoum in front of the Foreign Affairs Ministry and the Egyptian embassy. In a report published by the World Bank in April 2019, it was calculated that “some 60% of Egypt’s population is … .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;} Long known for its ancient civilisation, Egypt is the largest Arab country and has played a central role in Middle Eastern politics in modern times. The protests were decentralised[49] and started on 20 September 2020, again calling for el-Sisi to resign. "There is still work to be done, but under president Abdel Fattah El Sisi, the political and economic situation has improved massively," Richter added in a report titled "Why Egypt offers an alternative to Morocco and Tunisia", published on Euromoney official site. MENA. A Macedonian dynasty rules until 31 BC. Sep 20, 2019 CAIRO — The Higher … Challengers to the incumbent President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi pulled out ahead of the election, citing personal decisions, political pressure, legal troubles, and unfair competition; in some cases they were … • Respondent evaluation of the political situation in their countries was the most positive in the 2019/2020, compared to all the previous waves/years of the survey. [4], On 23 September, between the two major protests in the fall of 2019, Sisi met with U.S. President Donald Trump at the United Nations General Assembly. A referendum approved the amendments. 1981 - President Sadat is assassinated by Islamist extremists. [27], On 28 December 2019, Mohamed Ali, who had sparked off the September street protests, released the "Egyptian Consensus Document" with a list of four key principles and four key actions for replacing the existing system of government. Politicians, including Abed Aziz Husseini, vice-president of the Dignity Party (Karama) and Abdel Nasser Ismail, vice-president of the Socialist Popular Alliance Party were arrested. Two Turks, two Jordanians, a Palestinian and a Dutchman were arrested and charged with "spreading violence against the state and publishing false news. Egypt's teeming cities - and almost all agricultural activity - are concentrated along the banks of the Nile, and on the river's delta. 31 BC - Egypt comes under Roman rule. © 2021 BBC. He said that the 20 September protests were by "everyday youth, those economically marginalised" and that "the Brotherhood wasn't behind or even participated" in the protests. ENAG made a similar claim of representing the consensus of a broad array of the Egyptian opposition ("centrists, liberals, leftists [and] Islamists") with a consensus program for replacing the governmental system. 1948 - Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Syria attack the new state of Israel. The Sudanese Foreign Ministry protested against the Egyptian refusal to allow the Sudanese embassy in Cairo to meet Abdelrahman Hassan and asked for Abdelrahman Hassan to be given his full legal rights by the Egyptian authorities. [18], The Civil Democratic Movement, including the Socialist Popular Alliance Party, stated that it did not participate in the protests but did have a vision for political reforms. Egypt: Inflation hits highest level since April in November BY. [39] Alaa Abd el-Fattah and his lawyer Mohamed el-Baqer were detained under Case 1356/2019[40] or 1365/2019. Vaccine divides in the Middle East. Weekend demonstrations against President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi’s government broke out across a number of cities and towns, evoking memories of the years of instability following … The first and most liberal of these was the 1923 constitution, which was promulgated just after Britain declared Egypt’s independence. Strikes against electricity, bread and corn and rice prices, fuel price hike, economy, shortage of food and water and oil. A correspondent in Egypt. The first wave of mass protests were from February–June. [28] A representative of the Egyptian Embassy in Washington, D.C. telephoned Ghonim, asking him to stop criticising the Egyptian authorities, in exchange for which he would receive a payment and a guarantee to be able to "return to Egypt safely". TV is the favourite medium and there are several big hitters in the sector, including the state broadcaster. Elmasry described Ali as "a legitimate threat to the el-Sisi government. Inflation rate should decrease to 5.9% in 2020 and increase to 8.2% in 2021, according to the latest World Economic Outlook of the IMF (April 2020). 332 BC - Alexander the Great, of ancient Macedonia, conquers Egypt, founds Alexandria. ", "Egypt's opposition threatens to freeze political activities over crackdown", "Egypt: National Action Group condemns Sisi's plunging of the army in battles against the Libya's GNA", "Egypt's choice is clear: Democracy - or chaos under Sisi", "Egypt: Opponents of Sisi launch anti-regime group", "One 'killed' in Egypt as protesters demand el-Sisi resign", "Demonstrations in Egypt continue for third day", "Anti-gov't protests in Egypt's Giza amid tight security presence", "Protests against Sisi's rule break out across Egypt", "Muslim Brotherhood sidelined in Egypt protests", "Riot police crack down on spontaneous demonstrations against President Sisi in cities across Egypt", "مظاهرة أمام مقر إقامة السيسي في نيويورك (شاهد)", "Friends of detained Sudanese student in Cairo refute accusations of Egyptian authorities", "Trump backs Egypt's Sisi in face of some protests back home", "Trump Backs Egypt's Sisi After Rare Protests Spark Crackdown", "Protests in Egypt Show Trump's Wrong about al-Sisi", Timeline of insurgency in Egypt (2013–present), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2019_Egyptian_protests&oldid=999226928, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sudanese student Waleed Abdelrahman Hassan, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 03:04. The SPA stated that the video broadcast was "shameful" and that, "We stress here that the era when Sudanese citizens were humiliated inside or outside their country has gone and will never return. In the resolution, the EP itemised 18 comments, requests, instructions and demands to Egyptian and European Union authorities and to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights in relation to the crackdown and other human rights issues in Egypt. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. [22], Instructions received by the Ministry of Interior had been to respond to demonstrations with limited force for "no more than a few minutes" and the to use all available violent measures against street protests. In the 1950s President Gamal Abdul Nasser pioneered Arab nationalism and the non-aligned movement, while his successor Anwar Sadat made peace with Israel and turned back to the West. Report on the human rights situation (covering 2019) Human rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Review of 2019; Egypt (Periodical Report, English) en ID 2025829. Following Mohamed Ali's video releases, Dawoud called for investigations of the corruption claims. circa 3000 BC - Kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt unite. Mass protests in the Egyptian revolution of 2011 led to the demission of President Hosni Mubarak, the 2012 Egyptian presidential election won by Mohamed Morsi, the 2012–2013 Egyptian protests against the Morsi presidency, the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état which overthrew Morsi, the August 2013 Rabaa massacre by the security forces and army led by general Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, and an authoritarian government under Sisi, who was elected president with no serious opponents in 2014 and 2018. Einschnitte in Gewaltenteilung und Grundrechte. 1948 - Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Syria attack the new state of Israel. 1922 - Fuad I becomes King and Egypt gains independence, although British influence remains significant until mid-1950s. Egypt. restored some competition in the political arena, through introducting a new Constitution in 1971. Political news headlines, in-depth politics coverage and political opinion, plus breaking news on Egypt, Africa, MENA region, and world affairs. The teargas spread to "a few" kilometres from the zone of the protest where a resident felt the gas making her nose feel as if it were burning. The politics of Egypt are based on republicanism, with a semi-presidential system of government. Photo by REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany. I am being taken away" and was taken away in a microbus. 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