However, this is where the similarities end. Moles are well known for leaving large mounds of dirt behind also known as molehills. Here we will discuss 10 distinctions between a vole vs mole. Fall and late winter are the best times to trap voles. Voles typically tunnel on the surface and eat their way through the grass to get to their burrows. Moles or Voles: Why it Matters. Since voles and mice are both around five to eight inches long and have gray or brown fur, it may take a closer look to tell them apart. Using a grub treatment for a lawn is a common practice but is not environmentally sound as it affects the food supply for other wildlife. Snap traps baited with apples or peanut butter and oatmeal are an excellent way to catch voles. Poisons are usually the first method that a homeowner thinks of but is not necessarily the most effective or best choice. As earlier mentioned, voles consume plants, and thus have a great potential to cause some serious damage to yo… Poisoned gummy worms or pellets with an active ingredient of bromethalin may be inserted in an active tunnel, but they may pose a hazard to humans and pets and may possibly enter the wildlife food chain. Mole activity often looks more serious and damaging than it truly is. A mole's face (in terms of what is visible to us) is just a nose and a mouth. Dear Kendra: From your description—yes, it sounds … Moles and voles can do a lot of damage to lawns. Moles primarily feed on grubs, earthworms, beetles and … So if a pest is taking bites out of your plants, you can rule out moles. Mole, gopher, and vole damage are identified based on mounds, runways, holes, and runways. Moles primarily feed on earthworms, grubs, beetles and other animals or arthropods found in the soil. Granular grub killers that contain trichlorfon or carbaryl are contact insecticides that should be applied in early July and are spread over the lawn and watered in well. These are available in ready-to-spray, hose-end sprayers, or granular formulations. Moles are most active in the early morning and late evening on cloudy days during the spring and fall. They can also be hard to get rid of. Snap traps, such as a mousetrap baited with peanut butter, are not effective in catching moles. Systemic grub treatments that contain imidacloprid as an active ingredient can be applied to the lawn area in May. If you have vole signs Follow the 4 Steps to Vole Control: Step 1 - Learn Even More About Voles. Mole Damage Versus Vole (Field Mouse) Damage. Moles live underground and prefer to live solitary, isolated lives. Moles have ears, but they are not easily visible. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. It can kill a mole within 2-3 hrs. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 2366 | Updated: Oct 15, 2020 | Print, A mole is 4-7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws.Courtesy of Mississippi State University Extension Service. Their fur is soft and varies from brown to gray with silver highlights. This is the dirt excavated from the tunnel that is under the surface connecting all those mounds. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Next. So what is the difference between a mole and a vole? Moles, Voles, and Shrews - Do You Know the Differences? At this time, the grubs are small and close to the surface, so the contact insecticide will be very effective in eradicating the young grubs. But if you take a really good look at a mole's face, you will see the difference right away. Due to the temporary residual nature of castor oil products for repelling moles and voles, they are not very effective. But unlike moles, voles grow short, thin tails that grow to be about ¾-inch long. Gardeners have to worry about them, too, due to their diet. You can tell a vole vs mole often by size. Like moles, voles grow a range of gray to dark-brown colored fur. Moles are expert diggers that will consume up to 60 to 100% of their body weight in insects, grubs, and earthworms each day. Learn the difference between moles, voles, and gophers in order to chose the proper treatment plan for your lawn. Again, read and follow the label instructions carefully. Thus, metal guards are sold to prevent such vole damage. A mole tunnels underground, lifting the soil upwards and making your yard “squishy” when you walk on it. But moles don’t eat gain, or peanut voles do. Unlike the predacious moles, voles are primarily herbivores and will feed on the bark, roots, bulbs, and seeds of many ornamental plants and grasses. Mole droppings are larger than vole ones but are harder to spot because they remain mostly underground. By Secure Lawn. A vole will gnaw at the base of a tree or shrub, especially in winter. Using a castor oil product is not the most effective way to control moles and voles as it does not have a long residual life in the soil. • There are sharp and spade-like claws in moles but not in voles. The two types of voles found in South Carolina are meadow voles and pine voles. You can't see eyes and ears the way that you would on a vole or on a mouse. https://moleremovalnashville.com/difference-mole-vs-vole-animals Baits; Mole bait poison comes into two forms- worm-shaped baits and gel containing warfarin. Often, however, these methods are not very effective. A castor oil treatment to the lawn will also repel moles and voles for about two weeks. Therefore, voles are observed more often than moles. Moles vs. Shrews vs. Voles. The only visible evidence of a vole burrow is the neat exit holes an inch or two across. Set the traps along runways or near the exit holes, making sure that the trap is placed with the trigger end toward the runway. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. blogs.cornell.edu/nysipm/2015/02/03/the-difference-between-voles-and-moles Here are a few additional resources with some good information on controlling voles and moles: Mole and vole elimination If, like Jeff in Manassas, you have moles making tunnels in your lawn and voles eating your spring bulbs and perennial roots, a castor oil-based mole and vole … Meadow voles, the most common voles in Pennsylvania, are herbivores and eat a variety of grasses, seeds, and roots. There are many methods for ridding your yard of these creatures, some humane and some less so. If a mole is present in your yard, it is usually alone as moles are very territorial and are very violent towards other moles. Why is it important to know the difference between a mole and a vole? Other than having similar sounding names and both causing havoc to yards, voles and moles have little in common. Identifying Voles and Vole Damage. Mike McGrath has some tips to help you deal with any problems the furry little creatures cause. Application in the late summer or fall is not as effective, as the older grubs will go deeper in the soil and are harder to kill. You can see its eyes and ears, but they are tiny. Mole mounds are sometimes mistaken for gopher mounds (Comparison of Gopher and Mole Mounds). Voles are 5 to 8 inches long and have prominent orange teeth for gnawing plant roots and stems. Gopher Holes vs. Mole … The runways they leave behind in the process make for an unsightly lawn, although voles do not leave behind big mounds of dirt the way moles do. Voles are rodents and are about the same size as moles (4 to 6 inches in body length) with relatively large black eyes, small ears, a blunt face, and prominent orange front teeth for gnawing. Also another distinguishing factor is the depth at which the two dig their “houses’ with moles creating very complex networks of feeding tunnels under the soil surface and sleep deeper into the soil, voles prefer closer to the surface burrows with direct access to low lying vegetation. Step 3 - Locate "Hot Spots" of Vole Activity. Damage by meadow voles is usually to the base of plants and fruit trees. 5 Signs There Are Mice or Rats In Your Home, What to Do When Your Mouse Bait is Repeatedly Stolen, 3 Ways to Keep Rabbits Out of Your Garden, How to Control Japanese Beetles in Your Lawn and Garden, How to Spot a Grub Problem: Birds and Animals Digging in Your Lawn, How to Identify a Rat Infestation in Your Home, The Best Ways to Rid Your Yard of Groundhogs. Moles have a hairless, pointed snout that extends nearly a half-inch beyond their mouths. Voles rely on eyesight and hearing much more than smell, which is the moles primary sensory input. The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in law… But so is a vole. Voles have small ears that sit on top of their heads. Another dead giveaway to identify a mole is its big forefeet (used in digging). Traps should be placed over an active tunnel and are the most effective in the fall and winter months. When using any type of poison or chemical, carefully read and follow the label instructions. The surest way to prevent moles, voles or groundhogs from coming back is to kill them. They also can do damage to young trees as they like to eat tree bark and roots. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Like the vole, the pocket gopher (Thomomys) is a rodent and looks like a mouse, but with bigger teeth. Moles live underground in tunnels, and are predatory in nature. Moles don’t have external ears, and their eyes are so small they appear to be absent. Keep looking! The mole will eat worms, grubs, and adult insects. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. There are a number of castor oil products sold that are advertised to repel moles and voles. Moles “M” are meat-eaters, and their diet consists of insects, grubs, and earthworms. Believe it or not, voles are known to travel through the tunnels that moles create and feed on exposed bulbs and roots. However, this is where the similarities end. The word “mole” is from the Middle English molle which is derived from mold-warpe, meaning “earth-thrower.” Moles prefer well-drained, loose, sandy soil, and they avoid heavy clay, gravelly soils, and very dry or very wet soils. They do dig shallow burrows and nest there with materials such as grasses and leaves. Voles can also accidentally damage trees and shrubs by burrowing into their root systems, causing young specimens to experience die-back or to begin to lean. Place a box or bucket over the trap as voles prefer to take the bait from under cover. Moles can dig surface tunnels at a rate of 18 feet/hour. If you garden, then you may have experienced the feeling of having moles or voles underfoot, even during winter months. Although mole and vole do sound informally similar, they are different animals of two taxonomic orders. More information. This creature is active day and night, year-round, with peak activity occurring at dawn and dusk. You have to sprinkle it all over the tunnel so a mole can grab quickly. Either bury them or place them in plastic bags in the trash. Step 2 - Learn About the System. In search of worms or grubs, moles will also uproot plant life, so another clear sign of a mole is yellowing or dead vegetation. Barbara H. Smith, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Voles prefer to live in low-lying or creeping vegetation, and make trails through the grass or snow. A vole (Myodes) very much matches the usual image we have in our minds when we think of a mouse. There are several different types of mole traps, such as harpoon, impaling, choker, pitfall, or scissor-jawed available on the market. To: Kendra Moll → in Du Quoin, IL Nov 14, 2015. For more information on grub control, please see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass. Meadow voles, the most common voles in Pennsylvania, are herbivores and eat a variety of grasses, seeds, and roots. (Photo courtesy of flickr) 16. If poison baits are left in place, they have the potential of being washed into water sources. Voles, on the other hand, don’t have elongated snouts. There are many methods advertised for removing moles, such as chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that are advertised to deter them. Holes in your lawn can multiply if your yard has moles, voles or groundhogs. You can think of vole travel paths as ruts. They can also make small runways underneath the surface that are about two inches in … Previous. They have a mouse-like appearance with small beady eyes and little pointy ears that protrude slightly from their fur. Voles prefer to take bait from under cover.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Voles “V”, on the other hand, are vegetarians and eat the roots and stems of plants. There are a number of different kinds of shrews, and their appearance can be somewhat varied. People untrained in identifying these creatures may initially think the same thing about moles, such as the Eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus), based on body size and the color of the fur. They can also make small runways underneath the surface that are about two inches in diameter. Often confused for one another, these three animals are in fact distinct and differ in their habits and destruction. They are covered by a thick fur on their heads. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. The difference between mole vs vole tunnels is that mole tunnels are much wider and bigger, while vole tunnels get much more numerous, especially once the vole population grows out of proportion. The vole, by contrast, is a rodent. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. The preferred diet of the mole is a carnivorous one. That’s why they have small eyes with concealed ears (with furs), and also paddle like forefeet, useful for digging.. Many times you can differentiate between a mole entrance and a vole entrance by looking at the blades and different pieces of foliage at the open opening of the hole. It is important to know the difference between mole and vole damage to the landscape. Both can reach the size you describe. Tackling a mole, vole, or gopher invasion on your property can be a massive project. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. Shrews have many habitats, depending on the species. Mole Tunnels. Why It’s Important To Know Your Moles While moles, gophers, and voles can do damage to your property, the damage differs between each animal. They are not rodents, which, having a vegetarian diet, often attack our garden plants. A harpoon style mole trap may be used in an active mole tunnel.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. This will last for about two weeks. A mole is 4 to 7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws. Well, here is one reason: If you realize that the mole is mainly a meat eater, whereas the vole is mainly a vegetarian, you'll know that they will not necessarily be attracted to the same baits (should you … If a live trap is used, remember that the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources does not allow relocation of trapped animals to another location due to animal and human disease exposure; therefore, the captured animals will have to be euthanized. Each spring, we get several calls about moles and voles and turf damage caused by these pests. August, 2019 | Posted by The Nature Care Company | Categories: Lawn Care. By Bill Willis and Bill Steinmetz. Identify the shrew, mole or vole by its eyes. One day a plant will be beautiful, and a few days later, it will have fallen over with the roots gnawed off. How To Identify If You Have Gophers, Moles, Or Voles Digging Up Your Yard.New Mouse/Rat Trap Videos Every Sunday & Monday. 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