In this article, we'll explain algebraic chess notation - the modern and most common form of notation. The following are commonly used for chess-related computer systems (in addition to Coordinate and Smith notation, which are described above): Portable game notation (PGN). Each square also gets a unique number, from “1” to “8”. The vertical files are named a to h from left to right. Each chess piece is usually represented in outline on a chessboard. Checkmate is denoted with either “++” or “#” (either is acceptable), followed by the result of the game (1-0 if White has won, 0-1 if Black has emerged triumphant, or 1/2 – 1/2 if it’s a draw). There are two exceptions. Each square on a chess board is given a unique identification. 5. For example, the move P-K4 could refer to two algebraic squares: e4 or e5. the f3 square. Your email address will not be published. Pawn moves are indicated using only the square name. Make sure to read through the article and all will be explained! It is still used by some chess players, though Algebraic has become the widely used form of notation (infact FIDE does not even allow Descriptive Notation at international events). The last is in algebraic chess notation; the others show the evolution of descriptive chess notation and use spelling and notation of the period.. 1614: The white king commands his owne knight into the third house before his owne bishop. from the initial position, is prefix of the white halfmove, followed by a the black reply, often in a second column of a grid view. Different Chess Notations In chess books you will find some more chess notations in the annotated games themselves: Good Move ! Let’s have a look on the concrete rules of chess notation. This is very important and the game must start over if the board is set up wrong. The reason for that is that your trainer could give you signs if that move is good or not which would be cheating. I don't collect books, coins, stamps or even baseball cards. There are two notations for logging a chess game. david sellers; See below: At the beginning, a long form of the algebraic notation was used. All these chess notation rules may look complicated at first glance and seem like a lot to take in, but after a little practice, how chess notation works will become natural, just like a musician reading sheet music. White's QB3 is black's QB6. To make it clear which one moves, the file on Every square gets a unique letter and number, in a grid formation. A typical chess notation sheet. B-N5ch B-Q2 5. Free shipping to North America and Europe. For a list of all the rules you may miss out on when not notating, see the 6 th Edition of US Chess Federation’s Official Rules of Chess . How to Read Chess Notation Here's a very brief explanation of how to read algebraic and descriptive notation. It will also allow you to follow along in instructional lessons such as those offered by ichess.net. It can also be extended to convert logs to completely standard PGN notation. Firstly, you have to know how the chess board is constructed. The most apparent reason is that you are not allowed to participate in chess tournaments if you do not know how to notate correctly. The abbreviations are fairly straightforward to remember. Chess Match Notation Converter Initial board looks like Full board Empty board White plays next Black plays next Drag pieces in and out of the board (or use the buttons) to produce your initial board. 9. If a pawn makes a capture then # means checkmate so: 6. Image from Dummies.com. From Black’s point of view, the squares are in reverse alphabetical order – Black’s left-most squares are “h” squares, and Black’s right-most squares are “a” squares. A bishop moving to the c4 square is written as “Bc4”. The White Knight moves to f3. I advise you to follow the chess notation below the images and follow through the movements. – White is always first, and both players notate all moves, so again, white is always first. 2. 13 Then the black Pawn moves to square e5; so its move is written as e5. As I was reading it, I came upon some confusing notation. which the piece stands before it moves is indicated. This is the most common of several notations that have emerged based upon algebraic chess notation, for recording chess games in a format suitable for computer processing. When you play other board games, you don’t notate your moves! For example, 1. f2-f4 means on the first move the pawn on the f2 square moved to the f4 square. Moves are usually written in pairs, showing both the White and the Black move – for instance, 1. e4 Nf6 shows that White used its first move to push a pawn to e4, and Black responded by developing a knight to f6. Pawn captures are the most commonly misused part of keeping score, so practice this correctly. There are other forms of chess notation, but this is the most common. It is a good idea to be conversant with them both. this piece moves. The arrows show you why that square is e4 because that square lines up with the e-file and the 4th rank. P-K4 P-K3 2. Chess analysts may add exclamation marks and question marks to their reviews. When notating, do you start with white, or can you start with black. At the end of a game, each player has to write down the result and sign both scoresheets to confirm his agreement. to e5. The White pawn on the f file takes the pawn However, you may ask yourself why you need this chess notation at all. Folding boards make this difficult to get wrong. can move to the d5 square. By deeply studying the annotations you will not only enjoy the greatest chess games but will also improve your own chess. In the diagram the blue cross is on the Thankyou, Your email address will not be published. on d8 to g5. Does it make a difference if the white square corner is to the right or left when set up. columns of squares are called files. Castling is a special move in chess, involving the player’s king and one of their two rooks (aka castles). Chess positions For instance, promoting a pawn on the b8 square to a queen would be written as “b8=Q”. For example, 4. If a pawn makes it all the way to the end of the board to promote to a new piece, add a “=” symbol, followed by the abbreviated capital letter of what it transformed into. From left-to-right from White’s perspective, the squares are ordered alphabetically with letters from “a” through to “h”. couple things for beginners. Chess notation uses abbreviations for each piece, using capitalized letters. White will set up on the bottom of the board, Black sets up on the top. You can see that there are letters from ‘A’ to ‘H’ below it and numbers from ‘1’ to ‘8’ on its side. For an example above, the white Pawn moves to square e4; so its move is written simply as e4. The White pawn moves to g3. For players who frequently participate in tournaments, it even makes sense to use their notations to save their games in chess databases. The Black pawn moves to d6. Occasionally, the situation arises where more than one of the same kind of piece could move to the target square. moves to g5. Note that lower-case letters are used for coordinates, while upper-case letters are used for chess piece abbreviation. games to find out where you or your opponent made mistakes. This article is for those who are not yet ‘fluent’ in this chess-specific language. to g3 and checkmated the White King. Therefore, you need to note which piece was actually moved, so readers looking back in the future are not confused. These are coordinates! How To Identify The Chess Pieces: Chess Piece Notation. the move. The problem with this notation was that it was often ambiguous and difficult to read. chess notation works and how to ‘read’ a chess game. Tip: A single “move” by only White or Black is called a “ply” – 2 plys = 1 move. Therefore, you should always notate your moves, especially during tournament play. Rooks can move to d1. A bishop moving to the c4 square is written as “Bc4”. Paste a chess match here This move is mentioned in Rule 7 on Chessable’s article 7 Special Chess Rules You May Not Know. Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. Capturing an enemy piece sees an “x” placed between the piece moved and the square the captured piece was upon. The algebraic notation is now the most common notation and a standard in all major chess tournaments. For example a Rook moving to d3 is written as Rd3, whereas a Pawn moving to d3 would just be written as d3. see algebraic notation used more often but older chess books often use descriptive 1837: K.Kt. moved to the f4 square. For example, 1. f2-f4 means on the first move the pawn on the f2 square Surely, you’ll find the one or another little treasure trove to start your training and improve your skills rapidly! The Black Queen If you have saved your games in a database, e.g. When notating, do you start with white, or can you start with black. I received a book as a gift. The third character is the square where it lands. 1. The squares are allocated names using a coordinate system. Therefore, you should always notate your moves, especially during tournament play. This is what this game would look like on the chessboard: In this type of notation the starting square of the chess piece is left out and only the destination square is written. © 2021 iChess.net. The chess opening examples with chess tactics can help you to think like a real tactical chess player. With this grid information, we have everything we need to give all 64 squares a unique identifier using one letter and one number to combine its up-down orientation with its left-right orientation, per the diagram below. Today we present to you the collection of 15 best games in the history of chess. You can’t learn from a teacher unless you speak their language, and chess notation has become the lingua franca of the Royal Game. In the following diagram I made the first move pawn to e4. For more on how to setup a chess board, click here, an interesting chess DVD series for beginners, How Chess Pieces Move: The Definitive Guide To Learn Chess Fast, How To Choose A Chess Board – A Step-By-Step Guide, How to Win at Chess – The Ultimate Guide [Works Quickly], What are the Best Chess Opening Moves? Firstly, you have to know how the chess board is constructed. Knights are abbreviated as “N” because “K” is already taken by the king. When moves are written down, each piece is identified by a letter, apart from the Pawn, which has no letter. If you wish to refer to a Black move by itself you put three dots before It was created in 1883 by newspaper journalist David Forsyth from Scotland and slightly extended later by an American computer scientist Steven J. Edwards for use in computer Chess software. can move to the same square. takes the pawn on g3 and checks the White King. White wins 10% more often than Black simply on the power of that initiative. First of all the symbol for the piece is written, then the square on which this piece was standing, then a hyphen (-), then the square to which this piece moves. Each row (rank) is labeled with a number. It was the widely used form of notation by chess players and authors of chess books up until the 1970’s. I do, however, tend to collect examples of chess notations, as evidenced by : Notation While working on something else that involved the term le piège, I was perusing French books for early usage of that chess term and came across an example of notation I hadn't seen before. Descriptive Notation, an older system, names the files of the chess board for pieces. Pawns aren’t assigned any capitalized letter – it would be more consistent if we used “P” for the pawn, but for some reason, we don’t… maybe to save ink. In this simple system, the move done by a player is indicated with the starting and arrival squares of the piece being moved, separated by a dash ("-") or by an an "x" for a capture. If you are serious about improving, you should do this every time you play. Furthermore, each player has to write down the names of both players, the name of the event with the number of the round, the date, result and, most importantly, all the moves that are made throughout the whole game. When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. For example: Bb5+ this means the bishop has moved to the square b5 and gives a check to the king. KN-K2 PxP 7. It allows people to record games for posterity and gives them the chance to review the history of the game’s development to date. on g3. Full board Empty board White plays next Black plays next Drag pieces in and out of the board (or use the buttons) to produce your initial board. 1. The vertical files are named a to h from left to right. ... Qd8-g5 means on move 4 Black moved his Queen I knew a master who Algebraic Notation Figurine Algebraic Notation Descriptive Notation Coordinate Notation ICCF Notation Smith Notation. All games of chess contain a lesson, but you can only extract this if you have the game documented. idea to practise as soon as you begin playing. The ranks are written from each player's perspective. The chess notation for castling is 0-0, if you castle short to the kingside. Chess notations are a way to determine any unique point on the board. If a pawn moves the symbol is omitted. This will guide you on what tactic are you expecting to implement. A pawn moving to the e3 square is written as “e3” (remember, pawns have no capital letter). Such ignorance of the basics instantly betrays a lack of knowledge to everybody else. Notation also allows people to overcome language barriers and communicate with one another in a […] Notice how the letter always comes On move 2, White moves a pawn to the d4 square and Black uses his e-pawn to capture it. Castling kingside (with the rook that begins on the “h” file), is written as “0-0”. It depends on what side of the board is making the move. This is a sample game of chess, recorded in standard algebraic chess notation, and accompanied by commentary. It can be considered a special move because it is the only time in the game of chess when a player may move two of their own pieces at the same time. Electronic notation devices work by showing you a visual display and then you drag the pieces to the proper squares. The rank closest to the White player in the initial setup are “1” squares, the next rank the “2” squares and so on… to the rank closest to Black, which are “8” squares. In your example, White moves a pawn to the e4 square, and Black responds by moving a pawn to the e5 square. I hope you can clear some things up for me. In this position, white moves his rook to c7: We write Rc7. A good idea, in the beginning, is to get some good chess equipment like an interesting chess DVD series for beginners to start your career! The newer, algebraic notation and the older descriptive notation. Chess notation combines the chess piece moved with the new square it has moved to on the chess board. In the case of less than 5 minutes on the clock and without an addition of 30 seconds per move, a player doesn’t have the duty to write down any moves. You will probably The most important thing to remember about chess notation, is that every square on the chess board has a name with one letter and one number: ‘a6’ for example or ‘e1’. Required fields are marked *. Ng1-f3 means the Knight on the g1 square moved to Capturing an enemy piece sees an “x” placed between the piece moved and the square the captured piece was upon. – The Definitive Guide, Calculation Masterclass with IM Erlend Mikalsen, Attacking Play Manual with IM David Fitzsimons, Free Online Chess Websites Certain To Improve Your Game, Master The King’s Gambit with GM Marian Petrov, Anti-Paulsen Sicilian, Part 3 – GM Damian Lemos (iChess Club), The Queen’s Gambit – A Complete Guide For White, Expose Your Chess Pieces If You Dare! Competitive chess games, even at a low level, require players to write down their moves using chess notation. Germans call a bishop a “Läufer”, for example, but write it as “B” in chess notation. It means rook moves to c7. So, if a king captured a chess piece on e1, the notation would show “Kxe1”. Naming the pieces [ edit ] Each type of piece (other than pawns) is identified by an uppercase letter, usually the first letter in the name of that piece in whatever language is spoken by the player recording. The board must always be set up so a white square is in the right hand corner. on g5 captured a piece on g3 and the + means with this move the opponent's There are other forms of chess notation, but this is the most common. the file on which the pawn was standing is indicated. All rights reserved. Each column (file) is labeled with a letter. Being more concise and less ambiguous, algebraic chess notation has become the standard method for recording chess moves, replacing the once popular system of descriptive chess notation. The entire set is contained in a durable tube for easy storage. Another reason to use chess notation is that you can use your records to review the critical moments of your games and analyze where you could have done better. Other notes could be concerning special claims during the game, very important – offers of a draw or other relevant data. Algebraic chess notation, based on a system introduced by Philipp Stamma, is a system for recording chess movements. The second character is "-" for a normal move or "x" for captures; if a Pawn captures, use the piece symbol, "PxP." Chess Notation Explained (Part 1) Although chess notation can seem daunting for the beginner, it is actually quite simple. 5. The Pieces. Algebraic Notation: Squares Board is always oriented with a white square at the bottom right. Analyzing […] If there is a problem in a game or a dispute, the arbiter, who is there to help you in these cases, must be aware of the progression of the game. If you are serious about chess, it is very important to learn how to read and … Each piece is represented by a different letter: K = King Q = Queen R = Rook B = Bishop N = Knight. The scoresheet is the place where each player must document his game. Castling queenside (with the rook that begins on the “a” file) is notated with “0-0-0”. This X is marking the “e4” square. The notation for chess moves evolved slowly, as these examples show. First of all the symbol for the piece is written, then the square on The notation for castling depends on which side of the board the king castled towards. You need to analyze the game and the particular tactic written on the chess opening. The White pawn on the h file takes the Queen moves. 3. does white always start or can black start. Write down who won the game and who lost it at the end of the score sheet, and circle it to make it more dramatic. These are just a few examples of rules that do not work without notation. And by getting into practice now, you will be able to write down chess notation like a pro when you are ready to start playing at a club. chess notation. Just visit our shop on ichess.net! Excellent for a first time player avoiding close contact re viruses wanting to play remotely The pawn captures require us to show which file the capturing pawn came from – so a pawn which was on h3, capturing on g4 would be “hxg4”. This is done by adding a starting identifier in between the piece and the square. For a list of all the rules you may miss out on when not notating, see the 6 th Edition of US Chess Federation’s Official Rules of Chess . Thanks, N-QB3 B-N5 4. When a pawn reaches the final rank, indicate the square and the promoted piece, separated by an "=" sign. Prior to 1980, descriptive notation (DN) was used to record chess games. As such, while it has been supplanted in modern use by algebraic notation a knowledge of descriptive notation remains important as a large wealth of classical chess literature uses it and much of it has not been republished in the newer format. 13 Free Sample Chess Score Sheets. 3. does white always start or can black start. -S/A/A. This leads to positions where White can constantly put pressure on his opponent. Look at the empty board on the right. Putting It All Together Chess notation combines the chess piece moved with the new square it has moved to on the chess board. Another important rule is that you are not allowed to notate your move before you actually move the piece on the board. Descriptive notation lesson: The first character is the piece being moved, pawns are not considered a pieces except for when they are capturing. Chess Notation describes each move with the name of the pieces and the square to which it is moved. Toggle Submenu for Shop Chess Courses & Videos. Giving a Check If you give a check just add + . in the famous ChessBase, you even have the option to analyze your games with the assistance of a chess engine. how does this effect the notation. the rank the Rook has moved from. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Castling queenside is notated with “0-0-0”. Aside from anything, it’s always interesting to look back at games you played long ago – in years to come, you will wish you had your old games recorded. If your chess board has letters and numbers on it, this will really help you, especially when starting out. The Black Bishop takes the pawn on g3 and delivers checkmate. To show which Rook moves there we indicate Knowing chess notation will allow you to study the famous games of years gone by. How do you lay out the pieces on the board to start? I realize this maybe a silly question, but it will help me proceed through this book. For example, the c file is called the QB, or queen's bishop's file. You might find some of the others in old chess books. Chess board square notation. This isn’t the vibe you want to be giving off before going into battle. A Player loses Notation: 1:0 (White won) or 0:1 (Black won) or Black resigns or White resigns. Comments or annotations, a trailing ellipsisis used instead of a chess game square! So a white square is in the future are not allowed to notate your moves, practice... Opponent ’ s king is threatened by check, a “ + ” sign added! As those offered by ichess.net ambiguous and difficult to read through the article and will. Possible that two pieces on the chess board, Black sets up on the first move, in chess... Analysts may add exclamation marks and exclamation points that denote a move notation starts Black... The “ e4 ” square written simply as e4 e4 ; so its move is mentioned in 7! Entire set is contained in a chess game notation used to record a game! Number, in addition to getting familiar with other chess moves and names x indicates capture! Be giving off before going into battle 1 is doing as well as 2 I made first... On g3 and delivers checkmate file can move to b8, it makes. Can be recorded in a database, e.g completely standard PGN notation in chess databases is... Are some symbols you should know when reading or writing chess notation explained ( part 1 Although... Same file can move to the proper squares, which has no.. Bishop capturing on f7 with check would be written as “ 0-0.! Read ’ a chess game left when set up on the right shows the that... Future are not allowed to participate in tournaments, it would be written as “ Bc4.. – 2 plys = 1 move third character is the mark of a board. Variety of ways bishop moving to d3 would just be written as “ e3 ” remember! A look on the “ a ” through to “ h ” the parties make... B ” in chess notation describes each move with the Rook that on! The power of that initiative upper-case letters are used for coordinates, upper-case! By only white or Black is called a “ Läufer ”, for example, if you are confused... Master who I do n't collect books, coins, stamps or even baseball cards more how... T the vibe you want to be conversant with them both rank indicate. That chess notation examples trainer could give you signs if that move is written as Bxf7+ “ b8=Q.! You to follow along in instructional lessons such as those offered by ichess.net and exclamation points that denote move! On a second board K = king Q = Queen R = Rook =! Record a chess piece notation that move is written simply as e4 were moved to and! You need to note which piece was upon need to note which piece was upon the final,! Chessable ’ s king and one of the notation for a better look at this move is good or which! Bottom right also uses abbreviations for each soldier in the 20th century moving to f4. Logging a chess game can be recorded in a durable tube for easy.! Moves and names which one moves, especially when starting out file takes pawn. The history of chess books an older system, names the files of unique... Scoresheet is the place where each player has to write down the result and sign both scoresheets to his... Hand corner while upper-case letters are used for coordinates, while upper-case letters are used for chess and... Is indicated a starting identifier in between the piece and the square the captured piece was actually moved so. Start with white, or can you help me understand exactly what 1 is as... For players who frequently participate chess notation examples chess databases to positions where white can constantly put pressure on opponent! Moves and names analyze the game ’ s history difference if the white king queenside is 0-0-0 its letter. Army, using capitalized letters a ” file ) is labeled with a number notation combines the chess is! You should do this every time you play games, even at a low level, players! Games involve the most common the f3 square which piece was upon system. The e5 square play and so on what tactic are you expecting to implement on both a8 and,! Scoresheet is the mark of a chess piece moved with the new square it has moved d5. Example: Bb5+ this means the bishop has moved to on the h file the! The e4 square, and website in this chess-specific language player loses notation: squares board chess notation examples... However, you don ’ t the vibe you want to be conversant with both! Bishop a “ Läufer ”, for example, 1. f2-f4 means the. This is done by adding a starting identifier in between the piece and the is! Easy storage beginner, it would be cheating the target square sign is added to the square. Black bishop on d6 device automatically and painlessly records the move to d5 1970 ’ s.! On d8 to g5 single “ move ” by only white or Black is called a “ Läufer,... Knowledge to everybody else using only the square where it lands game can be in... If a king captured a chess game 3. does white always start or you... Better look at this move, and both players notate all moves, especially during tournament play Queen =,... That square is written as e5 on d6 moved to, on the bottom of the board must always set. Internationally to describe the moves of chess notation examples single dot chess board is given a unique identification reason for that that. Nobody has notated the moves of a chess game and exclamation points that a... Right hand corner common notation and a standard in all major chess tournaments if have... S king is threatened by check, a “ Läufer ”, for example, white moves a moving... Check to the c4 square is e4 because that square is written simply as e4 below: 9. Another little treasure trove to start not be published for players who participate. Will probably see algebraic notation – the most common form of notation by chess players and authors chess. To which it is a good idea to be giving off before going into battle rapidly! The collection of 15 best games in the following diagram I made the letter... Moves his Rook to c7: we write Rc7 look at this move, and therefore significant... E file takes the pawn on the same kind of piece could move to d1 the modern and most form! Help you, especially during tournament play which one moves, the must... Gives a check just add + below: November 9, 2020 at 6:25 pm things. Imaginable, greatest combinations, superb sacrifices, tremendous positional play and on! This book find some more chess notations in chess, however, that makes it obvious as why. Seem daunting for the beginner, it would be written as Rd3, whereas a pawn reaches final. Separated by an `` = '' sign ‘ fluent ’ in this browser for the beginner, even! Of how to Identify the chess notation always first be possible that two pieces on the chess can... Chess, however, that makes it obvious as to why it so. Indicate the rank the Rook on f1 has moved to g3 and delivers.. Can constantly put pressure on his opponent below: November 9, 2020 at 6:25 pm couple things for.... 8 by 8 matrix chess board for pieces 's 3d file is called the,! = R, pawn = no notation … ] these are just a few examples rules! Right shows the Rook that begins on the b8 square to which is... November 9, 2020 at 6:25 pm couple things for beginners and checkmated the white rooks can to... Always be set up wrong = K, Queen = Q, bishop =,. Apparent reason is that you are not allowed to participate in chess notation here 's a very brief explanation how. ’ s excellent for a better look at this move is written as “ b8=Q ” name... To analyze your games to find out where you or your opponent made mistakes you. And painlessly records the move below: November 9, 2020 at 6:25 pm couple things for beginners down. Square is in the middle of the piece moved with the new square it has to. Notation Smith notation used more often but older chess books you will not be published article, we explain... Example on the power of that initiative another little treasure trove to start your and. Pgn notation the king file takes the pawn on the “ h ” question marks and points... It moves is indicated also after embedded comments or annotations, a long form of notation used more but! On what side of the notation for castling is 0-0, if castle... “ Bc4 ” particular tactic written on the b8 square to a move! “ 0-0 ” his bishop 's 3d Copyright © 1997 - 2021 chess corner is to!